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Closed Total Dislocation of Talus Without Any Accompanying Fractures

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  • 1 Baltalimani Bone and Joint Diseases Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.
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Total talar dislocation, ie, disruption of the talus from the calcaneus, navicula, and tibia, is a rare and severe injury. We present a case of closed peritalar dislocation without any accompanying fractures and, thus, discuss the conflicts encountered in this rare injury. A 25-year-old male patient presented with severe pain, swelling, and deformity in his right ankle within 30 minutes of a fall from a height. There were no wounds around the ankle. Radiographs revealed that the talus was disrupted from the calcaneus, navicula, and tibia moving in the anterolateral direction. No accompanying fractures were seen in the talus or in surrounding bones. After an unsuccessful closed reduction attempt, a further decision was open reduction. It was seen that the interposed joint capsula was preventing reduction. After reduction, stability of the ankle was checked and found to be satisfactory, so no fixation material was used. It has been 2 years since the first injury, and the patient is functioning well, with no pain. The ankle has the same range of motion as the unaffected side. No sign of an avascular necrosis or sclerosis is seen on the final radiographs. Closed total dislocation of the talus without any accompanying fractures is a rare entity. The injury is open to various important complications, such as avascular necrosis, infection in patients with open wounds, and arthritic changes. To achieve a good outcome, early reduction of the dislocation has key importance. (J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 103(1): 73–75, 2013)

Corresponding author: Sarper Gursu, Baltalimani Bone and Joint Diseases Hospital, Rumelihisari Cad. No: 62, Istanbul, 34000, Turkey. (E-mail: sarper154@yahoo.com)