Manual/Standards, Accreditation Manual for Hospitals. December 22, 2000; 6.2.2, JCAHO, Oakbrook Terrace, Illinois.
Podell RN: Issues in the organization of medical care: an illustrative case study: podiatry in the United States. N Engl J Med 284: 35, 1971.
Tucker ME: Foot ulceration ups mortality risk beyond diabetes itself. Medscape Medical News October 15, 2012.
Bulletin 44. Joint Commission on Accreditation of Hospitals. Podiatrists in Hospitals, Oakbrook Terrace, Illinois, April 1967.
Standards. Accreditation Manual for Hospitals. Joint Commission on Accreditation of Hospitals. pp 11,13,23.34, Oakbrook Terrace, Illinois, 1970.
Podiatric House Staff. Standards. Accreditation Manual for Hospitals. Joint Commission on Accreditation of Hospitals; Oakbrook Terrace, Illinois, 1976.
Factors to Be Considered in Granting Hospital Privileges to Qualified Podiatrists, American Medical Association, Chicago, IL, April 1977.
Statement on qualifications for surgical privileges in approved hospitals. American College of Surgeons. Bulletin; Chicago, April 1977.
Levy LA, Hetherington VJ: “The Evolution of Podiatric Medical Practice and Formal Education,” in Principles and Practice of Podiatric Medicine, 2nd Ed, ed by L Levy, VJ Hetherington, p I-1, DTP Datatrace Publishing, Brooklandville, MD, 2007.
Levy LA, Farber EM: A teaching program in podiatric medicine in the dermatology department of a medical school. J Med Educ 49: 1000, 1974.
Unclassified Medical Service, Department of Defense: Clinical Quality Management, Chapter 7, Privileged Health Care Providers (effective March 2004 and RAR 7–18. Podiatrist; issue date May 22, 2009.
Krupa C: California physicians, podiatrists pursue collaboration on education. American Medical News website. Available at: http://www.amednews.com/article/20110627/profession/306279952/2. Accessed March 25, 2014.
Since the 1970s, the profession of podiatric medicine has undergone major changes in the dimensions of its practice as well as its education and training. Herein, I describe how podiatric medicine has evolved to become a profession of independent practitioners who now provide patients with comprehensive medical and surgical care affecting the foot and ankle in community practice, academic health centers, and hospital operating rooms. Preparation for the profession virtually mirrors the education and training of the MD and DO, including a 4-year postbaccalaureate curriculum with a preclinical curriculum that matches that of Liaison Committee on Medical Education–accredited medical schools and most of the clinical curriculum of undergraduate medical education. Completion of the degree of doctor of podiatric medicine prepares graduates to enter hospital-based graduate medical education programs, now 3 years in duration. A description is provided of the current podiatric medical practitioner now prepared at a level that is virtually equal to that of medical and surgical specialists who hold an unrestricted medical license.