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Entrapment of the Superficial Peroneal Nerve

An Anatomical Insight

Maria Tzika Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

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George Paraskevas Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

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Konstantinos Natsis Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

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Entrapment of the superficial peroneal nerve is an uncommon neuropathy that may occur because of mechanical compression of the nerve, usually at its exit from the crural fascia. The symptoms include sensory alterations over the distribution area of the superficial peroneal nerve. Clinical examination, electrophysiologic findings, and imaging techniques can establish the diagnosis. Variations in the superficial peroneal sensory innervation over the dorsum of the foot may lead to variable results during neurologic examination and variable symptomatology in patients with nerve entrapment or lesions. Knowledge of the nerve's anatomy at the lower leg, foot, and ankle is of essential significance for the neurologist and surgeon intervening in the area.

Corresponding author: George Paraskevas, MD, PhD, Associate Professor of Anatomy, Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Post Box: 300, Post Code: 54124, Thessaloniki, Greece. (E-mail: g_paraskevas@yahoo.gr)