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    Stenroos AJ & Brinck T: Achilles tendon reconstruction with semitendinous tendon grafts is associated with a high complication rate. JAPMA 110 : 1, 2020; doi: https://doi.org/10.7547/18-014.

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    Maffulli N , D'Addona A & Gougoulias N et al.: Ipsilateral free semitendinosus graft with interference screw fixation for surgical management of insertional acute Achilles tendon tears. Injury 51 (Suppl 3) : S73; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2019.11.013.

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    Maffulli N , Longo UG & Gougoulias N et al.: Ipsilateral free semitendinosus tendon graft transfer for reconstruction of chronic tears of the Achilles tendon. BMC Musculoskelet Disord 9 : 100, 2008.

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    Maffulli N , Del Buono A & Spiezia F et al.: Less-invasive semitendinosus tendon graft augmentation for the reconstruction of chronic tears of the Achilles tendon. Am J Sports Med 41 : 865, 2013

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    Maffulli N: CORR Insights((R)): Is dual semitendinosus allograft stronger than turndown for Achilles tendon reconstruction? An in vitro analysis. Clin Orthop Relat Res 475 : 2597, 2017.

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    Maffulli N & Ajis A: Management of chronic ruptures of the Achilles tendon. J Bone Joint Surg Am 90 : 1348, 2008.

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    Maffulli N , Oliva F & Maffulli GD et al.: Surgical management of chronic Achilles tendon ruptures using less invasive techniques. Foot Ankle Surg 24 : 164, 2018.

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    Maffulli N , Del Buono A & Loppini M et al.: Ipsilateral free semitendinosus tendon graft with interference screw fixation for minimally invasive reconstruction of chronic tears of the Achilles tendon. Oper Orthop Traumatol 26 : 513, 2014.

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    Maffulli N , Loppini M & Longo UG et al.: Minimally invasive reconstruction of chronic achilles tendon ruptures using the ipsilateral free semitendinosus tendon graft and interference screw fixation. Am J Sports Med 41 : 1100, 2013.

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    Jiang XJ , Shen JJ & Huang JF et al.: Reconstruction of Myerson type III chronic Achilles tendon ruptures using semitendinosus tendon and gracilis tendon autograft. J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) 27 : 2309499019832717, 2019.

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    Piontek T , Bakowski P & Ciemniewska-Gorzela K et al.: Minimally invasive, endoscopic Achilles tendon reconstruction using semitendinosus and gracilis tendons with Endobutton stabilization. BMC Musculoskelet Disord 17 : 247, 2016.

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    Piontek T , Bakowski P & Ciemniewska-Gorzela K et al.: Novel Technique of Achilles Tendon Reconstruction Using Semitendinosus and Gracilis Tendon. Preliminary Report. Ortop Traumatol Rehabil 17 : 619, 2015.

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    Ellison P , Mason LW & Molloy A: Chronic Achilles tendon rupture reconstructed using hamstring tendon autograft. Foot (Edinb) 26 : 41, 2016.

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    El Shazly O , Abou El Soud MM & El Mikkawy DM et al.: Endoscopic-assisted Achilles tendon reconstruction with free hamstring tendon autograft for chronic rupture of Achilles tendon: clinical and isokinetic evaluation. Arthroscopy 30 : 622, 2014.

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  • 1. 

    Maffulli N , Longo UG & Gougoulias N et al.: Ipsilateral free semitendinosus tendon graft transfer for reconstruction of chronic tears of the Achilles tendon. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 9 : 100, 2008; doi: https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2474-9-100.

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    Maffulli N , Oliva F & Maffulli GD et al.: Surgical management of chronic Achilles tendon ruptures using less invasive techniques. Foot and Ankle Surgery 24 : 164, 2018.

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Achilles Tendon Reconstruction with Semitendinous Tendon Grafts Is Associated with a High Complication Rate

Nicola MaffulliDepartment of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry, University of Salerno, Via S. Allende, 84081 Baronissi (SA), Italy; Queen Mary University of London, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Centre for Sports and Exercise Medicine, Mile End Hospital, 275 Bancroft Road, London E1 4DG, England. (E-mail: n.maffulli@qmul.ac.uk)

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Filippo MiglioriniDepartment of Orthopaedics, University Clinic Aachen, RWTH Aachen University Clinic, 52064 Aachen, Germany.

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Antti J. StenroosDepartment of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland. (E-mail: antti.stenroos@helsinki.fi)

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