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Postoperative Outcomes for Plate-Screw Fixation in Adolescent Patients with Ankle Fracture

Mehmet Ali Talmaç
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Mehmet Akif Görgel
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Yusuf Yahşi
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Muharrem Kanar
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Ali Seker
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Haci Mustafa Özdemir
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Backround

We compared postoperative outcomes in adolescent patients who did and did not undergo plate-screw fixation of at least one of the lateral, medial, or posterior malleoli in ankle fractures. It was hypothesized that using plate-screw fixation would not negatively affect postoperative outcomes.

Methods

All of the preoperative data and postoperative outcomes for 56 patients with ankle fractures aged 12 to 15 years who underwent surgical treatment between January 1, 2007, and December 31, 2017, were reviewed retrospectively. Patients were grouped into plate-screw fixation (n = 15) and non–plate-screw fixation (n = 41) groups and as high- and low-energy trauma patients.

Results

There were no significant differences in postoperative outcomes between the plate-screw fixation and non–plate-screw fixation groups. The mean American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society score of high-energy trauma patients was significantly lower than that of low-energy trauma patients (P < .001), and the rate of degenerative change in high-energy trauma patients was significantly higher than that in low-energy trauma patients (P = .008). There were no significant differences between high- and low-energy trauma patients with respect to other postoperative outcomes.

Conclusions

If anatomical reduction is performed without damaging the growth plate, postoperative clinical outcomes may be near perfect regardless of screw-plate fixation use. Postoperative outcomes of adolescent ankle fracture after high-energy trauma, independent of Salter-Harris classification and surgical treatment methods, were negative.

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, University of Health Sciences, Şişli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey.

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Istanbul University Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey.

Corresponding author: Mehmet Ali Talmaç, MD, Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, University of Health Sciences, Şişli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital, 19 Mayis Mh. Etfal Sk. Şişli Etfal EAH. Şişli, İstanbul, 34371, Turkey. (E-mail: drtalmac2@gmail.com)
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