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Neglected Stiff Equinocavus Foot Deformity Treated with Cole Osteotomy, Combined with External Ilizarov Hinged Frame Fixation, Soft-Tissue Release, and Achilles Tendon Lengthening: A Case Report

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Stiff equinocavus foot deformities are challenging clinical entities that may be treated with osteotomies and extensive soft-tissue release. The most common causes of such lesions are neglected trauma and Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease; other causes include burns, neurologic diseases, and compartment leg syndrome. Conventional treatments, including extensive soft-tissue release, osteotomies, and arthrodesis combined with or without internal splinting, may result in severe complications such as neurovascular or soft-tissue damage and shortening of the foot. The Ilizarov technique may be superior to the traditional approach, because it allows surgeons to apply gradual and titrated correction of individual components of complex deformities and results in minimal surgical morbidity without shortening of the foot. This is the first case report in the literature describing the simultaneous use of Cole osteotomy, combined with external Ilizarov hinged frame fixation, soft-tissue release, and Achilles tendon lengthening for the treatment of an extreme neglected stiff equinocavus foot deformity.

Department of Orthopaedics, Democritus University of Thrace, Komotini, Greece.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University General Hospital of Alexandroupolis, Alexandroupolis, Greece.

Corresponding author: Konstantinos Tilkeridis, Panepistimiako Nosokomeio Alexandroupolis, Orthopaedic Department, Alexandroupolis 68100, Greece. (E-mail: tilkerorth@icloud.com)