OhlendorfD, SalzerS, HaenselR, et al: Influence of typical handball characteristics on upper body posture and postural control in male handball players. BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil12: 4, 2020.10.1186/s13102-020-0156-232140229)| false
SodermanK, AlfredsonH, PietilaT, et al: Risk factors for leg injuries in female soccer players: a prospective investigation during one out-door season. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc9: 313, 2001.1168536510.1007/s001670100228)| false
PovoasSC, AscensaoAA, MagalhaesJ, et al: Physiological demands of elite team handball with special reference to playing position. J Strength Cond Res28: 430, 2014.2447346810.1519/JSC.0b013e3182a953b1)| false
MichalsikLB, MadsenK, AagaardP: Technical match characteristics and influence of body anthropometry on playing performance in male elite team handball. J Strength Cond Res29: 416, 2015.2497883210.1519/JSC.0000000000000595)| false
ThompsonLA, BadacheM, CaleS, et al: Balance performance as observed by center-of-pressure parameter characteristics in male soccer athletes and non-athletes. Sports5: 86, 2017.10.3390/sports5040086)| false
ShihK-S, JhouS-Y, HsuW-C, et al: A biomechanical investigation of athletic footwear traction performance: integration of gait analysis with computational simulation. Appl Sci10: 1672, 2020.10.3390/app10051672)| false
CiniglioA, GuiottoA, SpolaorF, et al: The design and simulation of a 16-sensors plantar pressure insole layout for different applications: from sports to clinics, a pilot study. Sensors21: 1450, 2021.3366967410.3390/s21041450)| false
ZammitGV, MenzHB, MunteanuSE: Reliability of the TekScan MatScan® system for the measurement of plantar forces and pressures during barefoot level walking in healthy adults. J Foot Ankle Res3: 1, 2010.
ZammitGV, MenzHB, MunteanuSE: Reliability of the TekScan MatScan® system for the measurement of plantar forces and pressures during barefoot level walking in healthy adults. J Foot Ankle Res3: 1, 2010.10.1186/1757-1146-3-11)| false
ArafshaF, HannaC, AboualmagdA, et al: Instrumented wireless SmartInsole system for mobile gait analysis: a validation pilot study with Tekscan Strideway. J Sens Actuator Netw7: 36, 2018.10.3390/jsan7030036)| false
Martínez-NovaA, Gómez-BlázquezE, Escamilla-MartínezE, et al: The Foot Posture Index in men practicing three sports different in their biomechanical gestures. JAPMA104: 154, 2014.10.7547/0003-0538-104.2.154)| false
Barometric and Spatiotemporal Gait Differences Between Leading and Nonleading Feet of Handball Players
Mariam A. Ameer
Mariam A. AmeerPhysical Therapy and Health Rehabilitation Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Jouf University, Al-Jouf, Saudi Arabia; Biomechanics Department, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.
Shaimaa A. AliNursing Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Jouf University, Al-Jouf, Saudi Arabia; Critical Care and Emergency Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing, Mansoura University, Egypt.
Background: Side-to-side stress imbalance has been suggested as a risk factor for injury in unilateral sports. The leading leg is suggested to be essential in sports rehabilitation for the return of athletes to the playground. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the dynamic pedobarometric and spatiotemporal gait differences between the leading and nonleading feet of male handball players.
Methods: Thirty healthy elite male handball players (mean ± SD: age, 31.7 ± 2.99 years; height, 177.5 ± 6.0 cm; weight, 78.9 ± 6.3 kg; body mass index, 25.0 ± 0.7) participated in this study; all of the participants were backcourt and pivot handball players. The assessments were performed using the Tekscan Walkway pressure sensor to detect and compare the variables of interest between the leading and nonleading feet during normal walking at a self-selected speed.
Results: Maximum force, peak pressure (total and forefoot pressure), foot width, single-limb support time, and step velocity were significantly increased in the leading foot compared with the nonleading foot. In addition, maximum force, foot width, and total peak pressure showed moderate positive significant correlations with body mass index.
Conclusions: The differences in the pedobarometric and spatiotemporal gait parameters may result from the physiologic and mechanical demands that are put on the leading foot of handball players, which need more rehabilitation attention and protection to avoid expected injuries.
Corresponding author: Mariam A. Ameer, PhD, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Biomechanics, 7 Ahmed Elziat St, Ben Elsarayat, El Dokki, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Biomechanics Department, Giza, Egypt, Cairo, 12612, Egypt. (E-mail: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org)