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Isokinetic Analysis of Flexible Flatfoot: Is It a Weakness of Proprioception and Muscle Strength?

Osman Nuri OzyalvacBaltalimani Bone Diseases Training and Research Center, İstanbul, Turkey.

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Canan Gonen AydinBaltalimani Bone Diseases Training and Research Center, İstanbul, Turkey.

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Evren AkpinarBaltalimani Bone Diseases Training and Research Center, İstanbul, Turkey.

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Avni Ilhan BayhanBaltalimani Bone Diseases Training and Research Center, İstanbul, Turkey.

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Timur YildirimBaltalimani Bone Diseases Training and Research Center, İstanbul, Turkey.

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Background: Although flexible flatfoot (FF) in children is a foot deformity that is frequently encountered in daily orthopedics practice, its etiology is still controversial. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a weakness in muscle strength and proprioception in patients with FF.

Methods: The study group consisted of 16 cases with FF, and the control group consisted of 25 volunteers with normal feet. An isokinetic dynamometer was used to assess muscle strength and proprioception of movement directions of plantarflexion, dorsiflexion, eversion (EV), and inversion (INV) in both groups.

Results: There was no statistically significant difference between the groups in strength of plantarflexion and dorsiflexion muscles, whereas in the control group, proprioception of all four movement directions and strengths of the EV and INV muscles were found to be statistically significantly higher (P < .05).

Conclusions: There is weakness in EV and INV muscle strength and proprioception disorder in patients with FF. We recommend conducting further studies that validate muscle weakness and proprioception disorders with different study designs and evaluate the effectiveness of improving muscle strength and proprioception weakness in FF.

Corresponding author: Osman Nuri Ozyalvac, MD, Baltalimani Bone Diseases Training and Research Center, Rumelihisarı St, İstanbul 3400, Turkey. (E-mail: nozyalvac@yahoo.com)