Short limb and the ball-and-socket ankle deformity

EJ Harris
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Congenital ball-and-socket ankle deformity is a complex pediatric orthopedic deformity that usually is associated with a short limb, a short fibula, distal tibial dysplasia, rearfoot coalition, and ray deficiency. The author reviews the literature on this orthopedic complex, presents two cases, and discusses the practical clinical management of this syndrome.