The authors investigated various factors that affect stiffness of screw fixation in the oblique first metatarsal osteotomy. One screw versus two screw fixation with intact medial cortical hinge, and two screw fixation without hinge were tested on the same metatarsal specimen. Mechanical properties of the fixation patterns were measured on a materials testing apparatus. Each metatarsal was tested at below failure threshold for stiffness within the elastic range of the specimen. Load versus displacement curves and fixation stiffness values were generated for axial loading, valgus torque, and plantar-to-dorsal cantilever bending. Osteotomies with an intact hinge demonstrated superior stiffness in most parameters as compared to osteotomies without a hinge. Two screw fixation with intact hinge showed significantly increased axial stiffness as compared to one screw fixation. There was no statistical difference between one and two screws in cantilever bending and torsional stiffness with an intact hinge. The major stabilizing factor of the first metatarsal base osteotomy is the medial cortical hinge.