Rehabilitation management of the lower extremity in HIV disease

MA McReynolds
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The sequelae of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease include a host of devastating conditions involving the lower extremity. These include rheumatologic dysfunction, Kaposi's sarcoma, peripheral neuropathies, and skin ulcers. Pain, weakness, and loss of range of motion caused by these conditions can lead to changes in gait pattern, loss of mobility and function, and limited quality of life. The role of the rehabilitation specialist in the care and treatment of HIV disease as it affects the lower extremity, and the treatment strategies, precautions, and suggestions will be discussed.