Orthotic variants

E SobelNew York College of Podiatric Medicine, New York, USA.

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SJ LevitzNew York College of Podiatric Medicine, New York, USA.

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LS JonesNew York College of Podiatric Medicine, New York, USA.

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When patients present with problems for which existing devices are not adequate, research is stimulated. However, new methods and devices must improve on the older versions and should not result in variation that is less effective than the original versions. Variants less effective than the originals will be discussed with illustrative examples. Orthoses, prostheses, and pressure-reduction techniques for the diabetic foot will be considered.