Tarsal functions, movement, and stabilization mechanisms in foot, ankle, and leg performance

HW VoglerLaboratory for Biomechanics and Functional Anatomy, Panum Institute, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

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F Bojsen-M√∏llerLaboratory for Biomechanics and Functional Anatomy, Panum Institute, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

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The authors investigated the function of the tarsus and the skeletal segments of the foot in terms of the biomechanical significance of the individual links of the foot-ankle-leg complex. A performance model based on pressure-washed trabecular systems and the interface of the different segments making up the articular foot skeleton is presented and discussed. The biomechanical influence of these segments on each other and on their appendicular companion bones is assessed, and an explanation of their function is provided.