• 1

    Francis L, Francis P, Welshons-Smith K: Aerobic dance injuries: a survey of instructors. .Physician Sportsmed 13::105. ,1985. .

  • 2

    du Toit V, Smith R: “The Effects of Ground Reaction Forces on the Lower Extremity During Aerobic Dance Movements,” in Proceedings of the Australian Conference of Science and Medicine in Sport, p 103, Sports Medicine, Australia, 1998..

  • 3

    Michaud T, Rodriguez-Zayas J, Armstrong C, et al: Ground reaction forces in high impact and low impact aerobic dance. .J Sports Med Phys Fitness 33::359. ,1993. .

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4

    Ricard M, Veatch S: Effects of running speed and aerobic dance jump height on vertical ground reaction forces. .J Appl Biomech 10::14. ,1994. .

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5

    du Toit V, Gilleard W, Smith R: “Kinetics of the Lower Extremity During High and Low Impact Aerobic Dance,” in Proceedings of the 3rd Australasian Biomechanics Conference, p 91, Book of Abstracts, Griffith University, 2000..

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • 6

    Richie D, Kelso S, Bellucci P: Aerobic dance injuries: a retrospective study of instructors and participants. .Physician Sportsmed 13::130. ,1985. .

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7

    Garrick J, Gillien D, Whiteside P: The epidemiology of aerobic dance injuries. .Am J Sports Med 14::67. ,1986. .

  • 8

    Mutoh Y, Sawai S, Takanashi Y, et al: Aerobic dance injuries among instructors and students. .Physician Sportsmed 16::81. ,1988. .

  • 9

    Janis L: Aerobic dance survey: a study of high-impact versus low-impact injuries. .JAPMA 80::419. ,1990. .

  • 10

    Potter H: Lower limb injuries in aerobics participants in Western Australia: an incidence study. .Austral Physiotherapy 42::111. ,1996. .

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 11

    Barnes R, Smith P: The role of footwear in minimizing lower limb injury. .J Sport Sci 12::341. ,1994. .

  • 12

    Robbins S, Waked E, Saad G: Do soft soles improve running shoes. ?Magazine Body Movement Med 5::47. ,1998. .

  • 13

    Garton D, Muller A: Solving the mystery: aerobics: where are all the men. ?Fitlink Magazine ,Last Quarter:, p30. ,1994. .

  • 14

    Burns R: “Structured Interview and Questionnaire Surveys,” in Introduction to Research Methods, 2nd Ed, p 360, Longman Cheshire Pty, Melbourne, Australia, 1994..

  • 15

    Torrence M: “Observational Studies,” in Understanding Epidemiology, p 105, Mosby-Year Book, St Louis, MO, 1997..

Survey of the Effects of Aerobic Dance on the Lower Extremity in Aerobic Instructors

Verona du Toit Private practice, Bankstown NSW, Australia. Mailing address:1 Calidore St, Bankstown, New South Wales 2200, Australia.

Search for other papers by Verona du Toit in
Current site
Google Scholar
 AssDipPod, BTeach, MAppSc
Richard Smith Research Manager; Senior Lecturer, Biomechanics, University of Sydney, School of Exercise and Sport Science, Lidcombe, New South Wales, Australia.

Search for other papers by Richard Smith in
Current site
Google Scholar
 BSc, DipEd, MSc, MEd, MA, PhD

The rate of aerobic dance injuries has been high for two decades. To determine the types of lower-extremity injuries to aerobic instructors, a questionnaire was sent to 18 fitness centers in the Sydney, Australia, metropolitan area requesting information on the number and types of injuries, frequency of activity levels, footwear worn, and treatments sought. The reported rate of injury was 77%. The leg was the most common site of injury, reported by 52.9% of respondents, followed by the foot and ankle (32.8%), and the knee (20%). These figures are comparable to previous studies. Further investigation is warranted into causes and preventive measures, and information on the kinetics and kinematics of the lower extremity may increase understanding of the incidence of lower-extremity injuries to aerobic instructors and participants. (J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 91(10): 528-532, 2001)