• 1

    Smith SD, Millar EA: Arthrorisis by means of a subtalar polyethylene peg implant for correction of hindfoot pronation in children. .Clin Orthop 181::15. ,1983. .

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2

    Lundeen RO: The Smith STA-peg operation for hypermobile pes planovalgus in children. .JAPMA 75::177. ,1985. .

  • 3

    Kidner F: The prehallux (accessory schaphoid) in its relation to flatfoot. .J Bone Joint Surg 11::831. ,1929. .

  • 4

    Young C: Operative treatment of pes planus. .Surg Gynecol Obstet 68::1099. ,1939. .

  • 5

    Evans D: Calcaneal valgus deformity. .J Bone Joint Surg Br 57::270. ,1975. .

  • 6

    Dwyer FC: Osteotomy of the calcaneus for pes cavus. .J Bone Joint Surg Br 41::80. ,1960. .

  • 7

    Silver C, Simon S, Spindell E, et al: Calcaneal osteotomy for valgus and varus deformities of the foot in cerebral palsy. .J Bone Joint Surg Am 49::232. ,1967. .

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8

    Koutsogiannis E: Treatment of mobile flatfoot by displacement osteotomy of the calcaneus. .J Bone Joint Surg Br 53::96. ,1971. .

  • 9

    Hoke M: An operation for the correction of extremely relaxed flatfeet. .J Bone Joint Surg 13::773. ,1931. .

  • 10

    Miller O: A plastic flatfoot operation. .J Bone Joint Surg 9::84. ,1927. .

  • 11

    Ryerson E: Arthrodesing operations on the feet. .J Bone Joint Surg 5::453. ,1923. .

  • 12

    Grice DS: An extra-articular arthrodesis of the sub-astralalar joint for correction of paralytic flatfoot in children. .J Bone Joint Surg Am 34::927. ,1952. .

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 13

    Chambers EFS: An operation for the correction of flexible flatfoot of adolescents. .West J Surg 54::77. ,1946. .

  • 14

    Baker LD, Hill LM: Foot alignment in cerebral palsy patient. .J Bone Joint Surg Am 46::1. ,1964. .

  • 15

    Selakovich W: Medical arch support by operation: sustentaculum tali procedure. .Orthop Clin North Am 4::117. ,1973. .

  • 16

    LeLievre J: The valgus foot: current concepts and correction. .Clin Orthop 70::43. ,1970. .

  • 17

    Haraldsson S: Operative treatment of pes planovalgus gus staticus juveniles. .Acta Orthop Scand 32::492. ,1962. .

  • 18

    Schoenhaus H: “The Schoenhaus Plug,” in An Atlas of Foot Surgery, Vol 2, ed by OA Mercado, p 207, Carolando Press, Oak Park, IL, 1987..

    • PubMed
    • Export Citation
  • 19

    Addante JB, Loli JP, Chin MW: Silastic sphere arthroereisis for surgical treatment of flexible flat foot: a preliminary report. .J Foot Surg 20::91. ,1982. .

  • 20

    Subotnick SI: The subtalar joint lateral extra-articular arthroereisis: a preliminary report. .JAPA 64::701. ,1974. .

  • 21

    Lanham R: Indications and complications of arthroereisis in hypermobile flatfoot. .JAPA 69::178. ,1979. .

  • 22

    Vogler HW: “Silastic Canalis Tarsi Implant,” in Arthroereisis: Principles and Concepts, Hershey Update, ed by W Levin, p 15, Pennsylvania Podiatry Association, Camp Hill, PA, 1981..

    • PubMed
    • Export Citation
  • 23

    Samuelson KM, Tuke MA, Freeman MA: A new reconstructive procedure to correct hindfoot valgus. .Orthop Trans 4::147. ,1980. .

  • 24

    Regnauld B: The Foot, p 186, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1986..

  • 25

    Volger HW: “Subtalar Blocking Operations for Pathological Pronation Syndromes,” in Textbook of Foot Surgery, ed by ED McGlamry, p 447, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, 1987..

    • PubMed
    • Export Citation
  • 26

    Flake E, Green D, Feldman K: “Sta-Peg Arthroereisis: Surgical Repair of the Juvenile Flatfoot,” in Reconstructive Surgery of the Foot and Leg, Update ’90, ed by DR Napoli, p 202, The Podiatry Institute, Tucker, GA, 1990..

    • PubMed
    • Export Citation
  • 27

    Green D: The foot in motion: a radiocinematographic study, American Podiatry Association, Bethesda, MD, 1974..

    • PubMed
    • Export Citation
  • 28

    DiGiovanni J, Smith S: Normal biomechanics of the adult rearfoot: a radiographic analysis. .JAPA 66::11. ,1976. .

  • 29

    Sgarlatto T: A Compendium of Podiatric Biomechanics, p 169, California College of Podiatric Medicine, San Francisco, 1971..

    • PubMed
    • Export Citation
  • 30

    Gamble FO, Yale I: Clinical Foot Roentgenology, William & Wilkins, Baltimore, 1966..

    • PubMed
    • Export Citation
  • 31

    Root ML, Orien WP, Weed H: Normal and Abnormal Function of the Foot, Vol 2, p 11, Clinical Biomechanics Corp, Los Angeles, 1977..

    • PubMed
    • Export Citation
  • 32

    Green D, Carol A: Planar dominance. .JAPA 74::98. ,1984. .

Flake-Austin Modification of the STA-Peg Arthroereisis

A Retrospective Study

Patricia Forg Private practice, San Diego, CA.

Search for other papers by Patricia Forg in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DPM
,
Kent Feldman Private practice, San Diego, CA.

Search for other papers by Kent Feldman in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DPM
,
Edward Flake Private practice, Pine Top, AZ.

Search for other papers by Edward Flake in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DPM
, and
Donald R. Green Fellow, American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons; Podiatric Residency Director, Scripps Mercy Hospital and Medical Center, San Diego, CA. Mailing address:770 Washington St, Ste 202, San Diego, CA 92103.

Search for other papers by Donald R. Green in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DPM

The Smith subtalar arthroereisis implant (STA-peg) is used to correct severe collapsing pes valgoplanus in children. Flake and Austin modified the placement of this implant to block the leading wall of the lateral talus. Twenty-one patients with a total of 40 STA-peg procedures were evaluated subjectively and objectively. The average age at the time of surgery was 9.7 years (4 to 16 years). The follow-up period averaged 36 months (12 to 90 months). The subjective, objective, and radiographic results were positive and the complication rate was low. A significant advantage of the Flake-Austin modification of the STA-peg placement in transverse planar dominant foot types is also noted. (J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 91(8): 394-405, 2001)

Save