Building on previous work that was cadaver based or involved invasive techniques, this study quantifies the kinematics of an approximation of the midtarsal joint with a noninvasive method. Three-dimensional kinematic data describing the motion of the forefoot and heel during transverse plane rotation of the leg were collected from 25 subjects by means of reflective markers and four infrared cameras. The motion between these segments was assumed to be the best possible clinical approximation of the midtarsal joint. The kinematic characteristics of the midtarsal joint were described in terms of the range and direction of motion in each cardinal body plane, the ratio of the range of motion in each plane, and the orientation of the axis of rotation. The characteristics of the midtarsal joint changed during the range of motion; thus, multiple axes of rotation could be calculated and joint characteristics were varied among subjects. The results of this in vivo method were generally consistent with those of cadaver studies and invasive in vivo studies. (J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 92(2): 77-81, 2002)
This study was funded by the Arthritis Research Campaign (United Kingdom).