Mudgal CS, Caines MA, Wilson MG: Risk factors in development of deep vein thrombosis after surgery of the foot and ankle. Paper presented at the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Annual Winter Meeting, February 7, 1999, Anaheim, CA..
Saxby T, Solis G: Incidence of DVT following foot and ankle surgery. Paper presented at the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Annual Winter Meeting, July 19–21, 2001, San Diego..
Angus PD, Cowell HR: Triple arthrodesis: a critical long-term review. .J Bone Joint Surg Br68::260. ,1986. .
From January 1995 to December 2000, 87 patients at a single medical center underwent triple arthrodesis using external rings and arched-wire compression as the method of fixation. A retrospective evaluation was conducted to assess the clinical results of this technique. Eighty-four patients (97%) achieved clinical and radiographic fusion in 6 to 8 weeks. All of the patients were partially weightbearing during the first postoperative week. Thirty-one patients (36%) developed a superficial infection at one or more wire insertion sites, and nine (10%) experienced dehiscence of an incision. Three patients (3%) developed an asymptomatic nonunion. This article describes the use of external ring fixation with arched-wire compression for triple arthrodesis and presents the findings from 87 patients who underwent this technique. (J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 94(1): 12-21, 2004)
Corresponding author: George R. Vito, DPM, Atlanta Leg Lengthening and Deformity Correction Center, 3556 Riverside Dr, Macon, GA 31210.