• 1

    Nigg BM, Segesser B: Biomechanical and orthopedic concepts in sport shoe construction. .Med Sci Sports Exerc 24::596. ,1992. .

  • 2

    Clarke TE, Frederick EC, Cooper LB: Effects of shoe cushioning upon ground reaction forces in running. .Int J Sports Med 4::247. ,1983. .

  • 3

    Bates BT, Stergiou N: Performance accommodation to midsole hardness during running. .J Hum Mov Stud 31:: 189. ,1996. .

  • 4

    Hamill J, Bates B, Holt KG: Timing of lower extremity joint actions during treadmill running. .Med Sci Sports Exerc 24::807. ,1992. .

  • 5

    Stergiou N, Jensen JL, Bates BT, et al: A dynamical systems investigation of lower extremity coordination during running over obstacles. .Clin Biomech 16::213. ,2001. .

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6

    Stergiou N, Scholten SD, Jensen JL, et al: Intralimb coordination following obstacle clearance during running: the effect of obstacle height. .Gait Posture 13::210. ,2001. .

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7

    Payne CB: The past, present, and future of podiatric biomechanics. .JAPMA 88::53. ,1998. .

  • 8

    Kelso JAS, Buchanan JJ, Wallace SS: Order parameters for the neural organization of single, multijoint limb movement patterns. .Exp Brain Res 85::432. ,1991. .

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9

    Scholz JP: Dynamic pattern theory: some implications for therapeutics. .Phys Ther 70::827. ,1990. .

  • 10

    Bryne JE, Stergiou S, Blanke D, et al: Comparison of gait patterns between young and elderly women: an examination of coordination. .Percept Mot Skills 94::265. ,2002. .

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 11

    Edington CJ, Frederick EC, Cavanagh PR: “Rearfoot Motion in Distance Running,” in Biomechanics of Distance Running, ed by PR Cavanagh, p 135, Human Kinetics, Champaign, IL, 1990..

  • 12

    Jackson KM: Fitting of mathematical functions to biomechanical data. .IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 26::515. ,1979. .

  • 13

    Jeng SF, Liao HF, Lai JS, et al: Optimization of walking in children. .Med Sci Sports Exerc 29::370. ,1997. .

  • 14

    Bates BT, Osternig LR, Mason BR, et al: “Lower Extremity Function During the Support Phase of Running,” in Biomechanics IV-B, ed by E Asmussen, K Jorgensen, p 30, University Park Press, Baltimore, 1978..

  • 15

    van Emmerik REA, Wagenaar RC: Effects of walking velocity on relative phase dynamics in the trunk in human walking. .J Biomech 29::1175. ,1996. .

  • 16

    Cole GK, Nigg BM, Fick GH, et al: Internal loading of the foot and ankle during impact in running. .J Appl Biomech 11::25. ,1995. .

  • 17

    De Clercq D, Aerts P, Kunnen M: The mechanical characteristics of the human heel pad during foot strike in running: an in vivo cineradiographic study. .J Biomech 27::1213. ,1994. .

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 18

    Mann RA, Moran GT, Dougherty SE: Comparative electromyography of the lower extremity in jogging, running, and sprinting. .Am J Sports Med 14::501. ,1996. .

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 19

    Lake MJ, Lafortune MA: Mechanical inputs related to perception of lower extremity impact loading severity. .Med Sci Sports Exerc 30::136. ,1998. .

Does Footwear Affect Ankle Coordination Strategies?

View More View Less
  • 1 HPER Biomechanics Laboratory, University of Nebraska at Omaha, Omaha.
Restricted access

The hypothesis of this study was that shoe hardness and footwear affect ankle coordinative strategies during the running stance period. Subjects ran at a self-selected pace under three conditions—barefoot, wearing a hard shoe, and wearing a soft shoe—while sagittal and frontal view kinematic data were collected. Dynamic systems theory tools were used to explore ankle coordinative strategies under the three conditions. No significant differences in coordination were found between the two shoe conditions. However, significant differences in ankle coordinative strategies existed between the shoe conditions and the barefoot condition. Changes in coordinative strategies may be related to different mechanisms to attenuate impact forces while running barefoot. (J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 94(1): 53-58, 2004)

Corresponding author: Max J. Kurz, MS, HPER Biomechanics Laboratory, University of Nebraska at Omaha, Omaha, NE 68182-0216.