• 1

    Bednarz PA, Beals TC, Manoli A II: Subtalar distraction bone block fusion: an assessment of outcome. .Foot Ankle Int 18::785. ,1997. .

  • 2

    Carr JB, Hansen ST, Benirschke SK: Subtalar distraction bone block fusion for late complications of os calcis fractures. .Foot Ankle 9::81. ,1988. .

  • 3

    Cracchiolo A III, Pearson S, Kitaoka H, et al: Hindfoot arthrodesis in adults utilizing a dowel graft technique. .Clin Orthop 257::193. ,1990. .

  • 4

    Dahm DL, Kitaoka HB: Subtalar arthrodesis with internal compression for post-traumatic arthritis. .J Bone Joint Surg Br 80::134. ,1998. .

  • 5

    Kitaoka HB, Patzer GL: Subtalar arthrodesis for posterior tibial tendon dysfunction and pes planus. .Clin Orthop 345::187. ,1997. .

  • 6

    Mangone PG, Fleming LL, Fleming SS, et al: Treatment of acquired adult planovalgus deformities with subtalar fusion. .Clin Orthop 341::106. ,1997. .

  • 7

    Mann RA, Beaman DN, Horton GA: Isolated subtalar arthrodesis. .Foot Ankle Int 19::511. ,1998. .

  • 8

    Russotti GM, Cass JR, Johnson KA: Isolated talocalcaneal arthrodesis: a technique using moldable bone graft. .J Bone Joint Surg Am 70::1472. ,1988. .

  • 9

    Sammarco GJ, Tablante EB: Subtalar arthrodesis. .Clin Orthop 349::73. ,1998. .

  • 10

    Astion DJ, Deland JT, Otis JC, et al: Motion of the hindfoot after simulated arthrodesis. .J Bone Joint Surg Am 79::241. ,1997. .

  • 11

    Mann RA, Baumgarten M: Subtalar fusion for isolated subtalar disorders: preliminary report. .Clin Orthop 226::260. ,1988. .

  • 12

    Amendola A, Lammens P: Subtalar arthrodesis using interposition iliac crest bone graft after calcaneal fracture. .Foot Ankle Int 17::608. ,1996. .

  • 13

    Easley ME, Trnka HJ, Schon LC, et al: Isolated subtalar arthrodesis. .J Bone Joint Surg Am 82::613. ,2000. .

  • 14

    Flemister AS Jr, Infante AF, Sanders RW, et al: Subtalar arthrodesis for complications of intra-articular calcaneal fractures. .Foot Ankle Int 21::392. ,2000. .

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 15

    Noble J, McQuillan WM: Early posterior subtalar fusion in the treatment of fractures of the os calcis. .J Bone Joint Surg Br 61::90. ,1979. .

  • 16

    Graves SC, Mann RA, Graves KO: Triple arthrodesis in older adults: results after long-term follow-up. .J Bone Joint Surg Am 75::355. ,1993. .

  • 17

    Jacobs AM, Oloff L, Visser HJ: Calcaneal osteotomy in the management of flexible and nonflexible flatfoot deformity: a preliminary report. .J Foot Surg 20::57. ,1981. .

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 18

    Fitzgibbons TC: Valgus tilting of the ankle joint after subtalar (hindfoot) fusion: complication or natural progression of valgus hindfoot deformity?. Orthopedics 19::415. ,1996. .

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 19

    Elfman H: The transverse tarsal joint and its control. .Clin Orthop 16::41. ,1960. .

  • 20

    Catanzariti AR, Lee MS, Mendicino RW: Posterior calcaneal displacement osteotomy for adult acquired flatfoot. .J Foot Ankle Surg 39::2. ,2000. .

  • 21

    Haverstock BD, Mandracchia VJ: Cigarette smoking and bone healing: implications in foot and ankle surgery. .J Foot Ankle Surg 37::69. ,1998. .

  • 22

    Cobb TK, Gabrielsen TA, Campbell DC II, et al: Cigarette smoking and nonunion after ankle arthrodesis. .Foot Ankle Int 15::64. ,1994. .

  • 23

    Czitrom A: “Indications and Uses of Morselized and Small-Segmented Allograft Bone in General Orthopaedics,” in Allografts in Orthopedic Practice, 4th Ed, ed by A Gross, p 119, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. ,1992. .

    • PubMed
    • Export Citation
  • 24

    Burton DC, Olney BW, Horton GA: Late results of subtalar distraction fusion. .Foot Ankle Int 19::197. ,1998. .

  • 25

    Gallie W: Subastragalar arthrodesis in fractures of the os calcis. .J Bone Joint Surg Am 25::731. ,1943. .

  • 26

    Johansson JE, Harrison J, Greenwood FA: Subtalar arthrodesis for adult traumatic arthritis. .Foot Ankle 2::294. ,1982. .

  • 27

    Myerson M, Quill GE Jr: Late complications of fractures of the calcaneus. .J Bone Joint Surg Am 75::331. ,1993. .

  • 28

    Reich R: End results in fractures of the calcaneus. .JAMA 99::1909. ,1932. .

  • 29

    Scranton PE Jr: Treatment of symptomatic talocalcaneal coalition. .J Bone Joint Surg Am 69::533. ,1987. .

  • 30

    Olney BW, Asher MA: Excision of symptomatic coalition of the middle facet of the talocalcaneal joint. .J Bone Joint Surg Am 69::539. ,1987. .

Subtalar Joint Arthrodesis

Alan R. Catanzariti Division of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Western Pennsylvania Hospital, Pittsburgh.

Search for other papers by Alan R. Catanzariti in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DPM
,
Robert W. Mendicino Division of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Western Pennsylvania Hospital, Pittsburgh.

Search for other papers by Robert W. Mendicino in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DPM
,
Karl R. Saltrick Division of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Western Pennsylvania Hospital, Pittsburgh.

Search for other papers by Karl R. Saltrick in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DPM
,
Roman C. Orsini Division of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Western Pennsylvania Hospital, Pittsburgh.

Search for other papers by Roman C. Orsini in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DPM
,
Michael F. Dombek Division of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Western Pennsylvania Hospital, Pittsburgh.

Search for other papers by Michael F. Dombek in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DPM
, and
Bradley M. Lamm Division of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Western Pennsylvania Hospital, Pittsburgh.

Search for other papers by Bradley M. Lamm in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DPM

Forty patients (12 men and 28 women) treated with isolated subtalar joint arthrodesis were retrospectively reviewed. The average patient age was 50 years (range, 21–76 years). Preoperative diagnoses included posterior tibial tendon dysfunction, post-traumatic arthritis, nontraumatic arthritis, and subtalar joint middle facet coalition. The average follow-up was 15 months (range, 12–74 months). Subjective postoperative questionnaire results were classified as satisfied (n = 32), satisfied but with reservations (n = 4), or dissatisfied (n = 4). Eighty-three percent of the patients (n = 33) stated that they would undergo the procedure again. Minor complications (those that resolved with nonoperative treatment) occurred in 55% of the patients. However, the major complication rate was only 12.5%. This study showed no statistical correlation between the preoperative diagnosis and the postoperative outcome. Our results also suggested that the prevalence of complications is slightly higher than in previous reports. Isolated subtalar joint arthrodesis is an effective treatment for pain and deformity of the rearfoot. (J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 95(1): 34–41, 2005)

Corresponding author: Alan R. Catanzariti, DPM, Division of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Western Pennsylvania Hospital, 4800 Friendship Ave, North Tower, First Floor, Pittsburgh, PA 15224.
Save