• 1

    Sackett DL, Rosenberg WM, Gray JA, et al: Evidence based medicine: what it is and what it isn’t. .BMJ 312::71. ,1996. .

  • 2

    Oxman A, Guyatt G, Cook D, et al: “Summarizing the Evidence,” in Users’ Guides to the Medical Literature: Essentials of Evidence-Based Clinical Practice, ed by G Guyatt and D Rennie, p 268, American Medical Association, Chicago. ,1992. .

  • 3

    Haynes RB: What kind of evidence is it that Evidence-Based Medicine advocates want health care providers and consumers to pay attention to?. BMC Health Serv Res 2::3. ,2002. .

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4

    Reilly BM: The essence of EBM: practicing what we teach remains a big challenge. .BMJ 329::991. ,2004. .

  • 5

    Fondelo P, Ackerman M, Kim G: Development of evidence-based medicine resources: bridging clinical research to medical practice. Paper presented at the 37th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, January 5–8, 2004, Waikoloa, HI..

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation
  • 6

    Badenoch D, Heneghan C: Evidence-Based Medicine Toolkit, BMJ Books, London. ,2002. .

  • 7

    Hurwitz SR, Slawson D, Shaughnessy A: Orthopaedic information mastery: applying evidence-based information tools to improve patient outcomes while saving orthopaedists’ time. .J Bone Joint Surg Am 82::888. ,2000. .

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8

    Sackett DL, Straus SE, Richardson WS, et al: “Asking Answerable Clinical Questions,” in Evidence-Based Medicine: How to Practice and Teach EBM, p 13, Churchill Livingstone, New York. ,2000. .

  • 9

    Coomarasamy A, Khan KS: What is the evidence that postgraduate teaching in evidence based medicine changes anything? a systematic review. .BMJ 329::1017. ,2004. .

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Evidence-Based Medicine

How to Translate Research into Patient Care

Marvin H. Waldman Center for Evidence-Based Podiatric Practice, 4387 Cherry Hill Dr East, Orchard Lake, MI 48323.

Search for other papers by Marvin H. Waldman in
Current site
Google Scholar
View More View Less

The purpose of this article is to review the history and development of evidence-based medicine, to provide a basic outline of its application to clinical care, and to discuss its pros and cons. This article can be used as a tool in podiatric medicine and surgery to ensure that current best evidence, clinical intuition, and patient preferences inform and guide our medical decision making. (J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 96(4): 374–377, 2006)