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Sagittal Plane Range of Motion of the Pediatric Ankle Joint

A Reliability Study

Angela M. Evans DipAppSc(Pod), GradDipSocSc(Child Dev), PhD1 and Sheila D. Scutter PhD2
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  • 1 School of Health Science, Division of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.
  • | 2 Teaching and Learning, Division of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.
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Measurement of ankle dorsiflexion is a routine part of the podiatric examination of children, yet the reliability of this measure is largely unknown in healthy individuals. This study assessed the intrarater and interrater reliability of the first and second resistance levels of sagittal ankle range of motion in 4- to 6-year-old children. The results show that measures of ankle dorsiflexion in children are highly variable among examiners, and, in general, gastrocnemius range of motion is more reliable than soleal range of motion. (J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 96(5): 418–422, 2006)

Corresponding author: Angela M. Evans, DipAppSc(Pod), GradDipSocSc(Child Dev), PhD, School of Health Science, Division of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, North Terrace, Adelaide 5000, South Australia, Australia.