• 1

    Ferreira R, Moon B, Humphries J, et al: The virtual microscope. .Proc AMIA Annu Fall Symp 4: (suppl):449. ,1997. .

  • 2

    Harris T, Leaven T, Heidger P, et al: Comparison of a virtual microscope laboratory to a regular microscope laboratory for teaching histology. .Anat Rec 265::10. ,2001. .

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3

    Heidger PM, Dee F, Consoer D, et al: Integrated approach to teaching and testing in histology with real and virtual imaging. .Anat Rec 269::107. ,2002. .

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4

    Blake CA, Lavoie HA, Millette CF: Teaching medical histology at the University of South Carolina School of Medicine: transition to virtual slides and virtual microscopes. .Anat Rec B New Anat 275::196. ,2003. .

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5

    Marchevsky AM, Relan A, Baillie S: Self-instructional “virtual pathology” laboratories using Web-based technology enhance medical school teaching of pathology. .Hum Pathol 34::423. ,2003. .

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6

    Costello SS, Johnston DJ, Dervan PA, et al: Development and evaluation of the virtual pathology slide: a new tool in telepathology. .J Med Internet Res 5::e11. ,2003. .

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7

    Dee FR, Lehman JM, Consoer D, et al: Implementation of virtual microscope slides in the annual pathobiology of cancer workshop laboratory. .Hum Pathol 34::430. ,2003. .

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8

    Kumar RK, Velan GM, Korell SO, et al: Virtual microscopy for learning and assessment in pathology. .J Pathol 204::613. ,2004. .

  • 9

    Guba EG: “Toward a Methodology of Naturalistic Inquiry in Educational Evaluation,” in CSE Monograph Series in Evaluation No. 8, p 1, UCLA Center for the Study of Education, Los Angeles. ,1978. .

  • 10

    Wu J, Olgivie RW: Virtual Microscopy and Virtual Slides in Teaching, Diagnosis, and Research, Taylor & Francis, CRC Press, London. ,2005. .

    • Crossref
    • Export Citation

Virtual Microscopes in Podiatric Medical Education

View More View Less
  • 1 Basic Biomedical Sciences, Dr. William M. Scholl College of Podiatric Medicine, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, 3333 Green Bay Rd, North Chicago, IL 60064.
Restricted access

In many medical schools, microscopes are being replaced as teaching tools by computers with software that emulates the use of a light microscope. This article chronicles the adoption of “virtual microscopes” by a podiatric medical school and presents the results of educational research on the effectiveness of this adoption in a histology course. If the trend toward virtual microscopy in education continues, many 21st-century physicians will not be trained to operate a light microscope. The replacement of old technologies by new is discussed. The fundamental question is whether all podiatric physicians should be trained in the use of a particular tool or only those who are likely to use it in their own practice. (J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 96(6): 518–524, 2006)