Foot Loading Analysis of Intraarticular Tibia Pilon Fracture

Anil Agar
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Adem ŞAHİN
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Seyit Ali Guclu
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Deniz Gülabi
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Cemil Erturk
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BACKGROUND: Although pilon fractures are rare, they are important for orthopedic surgeons because of the difficulty of treatment and adverse effects on gait function. The aim of the study to evaluate the relationship between the reduction quality of the fracture, functional results, ankle arthrosis and plantar pressure distribution in patients with tibia pilon fractures. METHODS: In this study, a total of 62 patients treated for an intraarticular pilon fracture in our clinic between January 2015 and January 2019 were evaluated retrospectively. Postoperative reduction qualities of the patients were evaluated with the Ovadia-Beals criteria, ankle functional scores with the Teeny-Wiss score, and ankle arthrosis with the Takakura classification. In the last follow-up of the patients, foot loading analysis was performed and the results of the patients were evaluated for their relation with postoperative reduction quality, ankle functions and ankle arthrosis. RESULTS: There were 62 patients (50 men and 12 women). The average age was 43.3 years (range 19-78). The mean follow-up was 34.3 months (range 24 - 58). The mean Ovadia-Beals score was 12.35 {plus minus} 4.6 in the postoperative plain radiographs of the patients; the mean Teeny-Wiss score in the last follow-up was 76.82 {plus minus} 17.69, and the Takakura score was 1.47 {plus minus} 1.35. Based on the pedobarographic measurements, 47.58% of the patients put weight on the anterior and 52.42% on the posterior of the foot in the anteroposterior plane. In the mediolateral plane, 42.15% loaded on the medial of the ankle and 57.85% loaded on the lateral of the foot. CONCLUSION: Intra-articular tibia pilon fractures can be demonstrated by lateralization of the walking axis and changes in gait patterns and can be associated with clinical outcome.

Corresponding Author; email: dr.anilagar@hotmail.com