Desmoplastic fibroblastoma (collagenous fibroma) is a rare benign soft-tissue tumor. Often found in the subcutaneous and muscle tissue, it is slowly enlarging and generally not painful or invasive. The literature often describes the tumor to be found in the upper extremities, neck, and back. Full excision of the tumor is the treatment of choice, and the prognosis is generally favorable; there are no documented cases of recurrence after full excision. We present an atypical case of desmoplastic fibroblastoma found on the dorsum of the foot with a larger tumor present in a substantially younger patient than is typical.
Background: Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) was first introduced into clinical practice in 1982 and has been a beneficial inclusion to the noninvasive treatment option of numerous orthopaedic pathologies. However, clinical evidence of the use of ESWT for various foot and ankle disorders has been limited with a consensus on its efficacy yet available. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to systematically review the literature, to provide a critical evaluation and meta-analysis for the use of ESWT in foot and ankle disorders.
Methods: The PubMed and Embase databases were systematically reviewed and clinical studies that reported ESWT use for various foot and ankle disorders included.
Results: A total of 24 clinical studies that included 12 randomized controlled trials and 12 case series were identified. Analysis of the evidence has indicated that ESWT can help manage plantar fasciitis, calcaneal spur, Achilles tendinopathy and Morton’s neuroma. Meta-analysis of the change in pre- to post-VAS overall scores for plantar fasciitis significantly favored ESWT compared to placebo/conservative treatment with a MD -3.10 (95% CI, -4.36 to -1.83; I2 = 68%; P < 0.00001).
Conclusions: The current evidence has suggested that ESWT can provide symptomatic benefit to plantar fasciitis treatment, with minimal and unremarkable side effects. Overall, ESWT has been demonstrated to be a safe treatment option with a favorable complication profile. Further well-designed studies of ESWT for the treatment of calcaneal spurs, Achilles tendinopathy and Morton’s neuroma are warranted to more soundly and safely support its current use. Future studies are suggested to investigate the optimization of ESWT treatment protocols.
Background: Although pilon fractures are rare, they are important for orthopedic surgeons because of the difficulty of their treatment and their adverse effects on gait function. The aim of this was study to evaluate the relationship between the reduction quality of the fracture, functional results, ankle arthrosis, and plantar pressure distribution in patients with tibia pilon fractures.
Methods: In this study, a total of 62 patients treated for an intraarticular pilon fracture in our clinic between January of 2015 and January of 2019 were evaluated retrospectively. Postoperative reduction qualities of the patients were evaluated with the Ovadia-Beals criteria; ankle functional scores were evaluated with the Teeny-Wiss score; and ankle arthrosis was evaluated with the Takakura classification. At the last patient follow-up, foot loading analysis was performed, and the results were evaluated for their relation with postoperative reduction quality, ankle function, and ankle arthrosis.
Results: There were 62 patients (50 men and 12 women). The average age was 43.3 years (range, 19–78 years). The mean follow-up was 34.3 months (range, 24–58 months). The mean Ovadia-Beals score was 12.35 ± 4.6 on the postoperative plain radiographs of the patients; the mean Teeny-Wiss score at the last follow-up was 76.82 ± 17.69; and the mean Takakura score was 1.47 ± 1.35. Based on the pedobarographic measurements, 47.58% of the patients put weight on the anterior portion and 52.42% on the posterior portion of the foot in the anteroposterior plane. In the mediolateral plane, 42.15% loaded on the medial portion of the ankle and 57.85% loaded on the lateral portion of the foot.
Conclusions: Intra-articular tibia pilon fractures can be demonstrated by lateralization of the walking axis and changes in gait patterns and can be associated with clinical outcome.
Background: Despite prevention efforts, suicide rates continue to rise, prompting the need for novel evidence-based approaches to suicide prevention. Patients presenting with foot and ankle disorders in a podiatric medical and surgical practice may represent a population at risk for suicide, given risk factors of chronic pain and debilitating injury. Screening has the potential to identify people at risk that may otherwise go unrecognized. This quality improvement project aimed to determine the feasibility of implementing suicide risk screening in an outpatient podiatry clinic and ambulatory surgical center.
Methods: A suicide risk screening quality improvement project was implemented in an outpatient podiatry clinic and ambulatory surgical center in collaboration with a National Institute of Mental Health suicide prevention research team. Following training for all staff, patients aged 18 years and older were screened for suicide risk with the Ask Suicide-Screening Questions as standard of care. Clinic staff were surveyed about their opinions of screening.
Results: Ninety-four percent of patients (442 of 470) agreed to be screened for suicide risk and nine patients (nine of 442 [2%]) were screened as nonacute positive; zero patients were screened as acute risk. The majority of clinic staff reported that they found screening acceptable, felt comfortable working with patients who have suicidal thoughts, and thought screening for suicide risk was clinically useful.
Conclusions: Suicide risk screening was successfully implemented in an outpatient podiatry clinic. Screening with the Ask Suicide-Screening Questions instrument provided valuable information that would not have been ascertained otherwise, positively impacting clinical decision-making and leading to improved overall care for podiatry patients.
Background: Metatarsalgia is a common affliction in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), often requiring aggressive pharmacologic treatment that carries associated adverse effects. The aim of this study was to investigate whether simple insoles would have a beneficial effect on forefoot pain, disability, and functional limitation in participants with RA experiencing forefoot pain.
Method: A prospective, quasi-experimental, pretest-posttest trial was performed at a rheumatology outpatient clinic. Participants were supplied with a simple insole comprising a valgus pad and a plantar metatarsal pad and covered with a cushioning material. The Foot Function Index (FFI) was self-administered before and 3 months after insole use.
Results: Reductions in forefoot pain (from 56.78 to 42.97) and total (from 41.64 to 33.54) FFI scores were noted. Statistical significance for this reduction was achieved following the t test (P = .002 and P = .0085, respectively). However, although reductions in mean disability and activity limitation scores were recorded (from 50 to 44.85 and from 18 to 14.57, respectively), these did not reach significance (P = .151 and P = .092, respectively)
Conclusions: Simple insoles have been shown to be effective in reducing total and forefoot pain FFI scores in patients with RA experiencing metatarsalgia. This treatment offers advantages because these devices can be fabricated simply and cheaply, thus initiating the patient on an effective orthosis therapy immediately in the clinic without having to wait for prolonged periods until custom orthotic devices can be supplied.
Background: Foot burns involve a specialized area of function, and although they involve a small total body surface area (3.5%), they can cause a significant degree of morbidity.
Methods: This study included 104 patients with burn trauma of the foot treated at the burn department of Republican Scientific Centre of Urgent Medical Aid and Inter-Regional Burn Center, Samarkand, Uzbekistan. A study of support-motor function of the foot after a burn by means of simultaneous registration of mechanograms of ankle join mobility in various terms made it possible to reveal considerable walking disturbances manifested in short-term support ability of various foot parts compared with normal.
Results: Deviations in podagrams were clearly marked during the first weeks after elimination of burn wounds, especially the duration of support ability of the plantar surface in those who experienced burns.
Conclusions: The study in separate terms after elimination of burn injury showed that the function of feet begins to regenerate in 3 to 4 months in deep foot burns.
An osteochondroma or exostosis is the most common benign bone tumor, and it is commonly localized in the metaphyses of the long tubular bones. Lesions are rarely localized around the ankle. We present a case series with osteochondroma around the ankle. All of the patients presented with a mass around the ankle. In these three cases, the masses were symptomatic, and in one patient it caused a deformity. Osteochondroma was suspected after physical examination and radiologic evaluation. After preoperative work-up, diagnosis, and exhaustion of conservative care, a plan for surgical excision was presented to each patient. Histopathologic evaluations confirmed the diagnosis of osteochondroma. The patients have been discharged without any complications or symptoms during clinical follow-up.
Osteoid osteoma is a primary benign bone tumor that consists of a central area (nidus), surrounded by sclerotic bone. The most relevant symptom is pain that increases during the night and improves after salicylates or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug administration. Osteoid osteoma is frequently misdiagnosed because it mimics juvenile idiopathic arthritis, bone infection, or malignancy. A 14-year-old girl presented to our department with a history of chronic pain in her left ankle. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis was diagnosed and anti-inflammatory treatment was prescribed. Because of persistence of ankle pain, the patient underwent further examinations, in particular, bone scintigraphy and computed tomography. As a result, osteoid osteoma of the talar neck was diagnosed. The patient underwent surgical treatment and her condition improved. Osteoid osteoma should also be considered in patients with chronic ankle pain to avoid misdiagnosis and start adequate treatment. This condition should be suspected in a patient with chronic bone pain and normal complete blood count and inflammatory parameters.
The pediatric flatfoot has long occupied a place in the medical literature, with concerns about the significance of its appearance. At the end of the first decade of the 21st century, an article in this journal provoked active debate about the pediatric flatfoot as part of development, and proposed a considered titration of presenting cases in an effort to justify treatment and appreciated the range and expected change in normal foot posture with growth. A decade later, the availability of normative pediatric foot posture data, and the prospective findings to confirm lessening flat feet with age, encourage a structured and considered approach to this frequent primary care presentation. The pragmatic concept of the “boomerang” is built on the research identifying pediatric flat feet likely to be symptomatic, thus requiring intervention, and filtering from those likely to remain asymptomatic. Differential diagnoses are advisedly considered, and gait remains the hallmark outcome. In this contemporary guide, an eight-step strategy has been developed to improve the approach to community pediatric flatfoot concerns. Furthermore, the three boomerang flat feet factors delineating symptomatic from asymptomatic flat feet, and applicable cutoff levels, are availed for practical reference and use. Given the recognized state of overdiagnosis and resulting unnecessary treatment that pervades the 21st century, it is timely for clear 20/20 vision for the presentation of pediatric flatfoot.