Chondroblastoma located in the talus is a rare incidence, and due to the weightbearing duty of the talus, the results of local excision may not be favorable. While the volume of the tumor increases, more sophisticated techniques may be undertaken. Cell-free matrix application for extensive osteochondral defects is gaining popularity for its structural support when it is used with microfracture and autograft application. In this case report, we present a patient with 13 × 20 × 8mm–sized chondroblastoma located in the talus. After evaluation of the mass, we performed curettage, iliac crest autograft application, and augmentation with cell-free matrix. After uneventful clinical follow up, we present our patient's postoperative second year magnetic resonance imaging and functional status.
Fibro-osseous pseudotumor of the digit is an unusual benign tumor that appears on the extremities. A 45-year-old, human immunodeficiency virus–positive man presented with a painful lesion on the tip of the fourth toe of his right foot. The tumor was completely excised without any connection to the underlying bone being observed, although the phalanx had to be extirpated. Histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of fibro-osseous pseudotumor. At the follow-up visit, 12 months later, no abnormalities were found.
Denervation has been a recommended treatment option for a range of pathologies, including relief from chronic pain; however, literature discussing complete denervation of the distal saphenous nerve for foot pain has not been found. A case report of surgical decompression for compartment syndrome resulting in chronic, debilitating foot pain that was successfully alleviated by complete saphenous nerve denervation is presented. The predominant area of the patient's pain was on the medial aspect of the foot, where a thickened scar from a decompression fasciotomy was noted. The patient's initial pain score was reported as 10 of 10, with no relief from numerous conservative treatments attempted over an 11-year period. After a diagnostic injection of a local anesthetic to the distal saphenous nerve provided the patient with immediate, temporary relief, complete denervation of the distal saphenous nerve was performed. The patient reported significant pain reduction shortly after the procedure. This case suggests that physicians should be cognizant of the saphenous nerve and its branches, as well as its variable pathways during surgery. In addition, practitioners should be aware of its influence as a progenitor of pain in the foot that may require denervation.
Superficial acral fibromyxoma is a rare, benign, slow-growing, soft-tissue tumor commonly located in the acral regions, with a predilection for the great toe, developing from the nail unit. Because of its nonspecific features and rarity, clinical diagnosis is difficult. In this article, we present a case of superficial acral fibromyxoma located in the nail unit with new dermatoscopic and radiologic findings that have not been previously reported in the literature.
The Bosworth ankle fracture-dislocation is a rare injury and is often irreducible because of an entrapped proximal fragment of the fibula behind the posterior tibial tubercle. Repeated closed reduction or delayed open reduction may result in several complications. Thus, early open reduction and internal fixation enable a better outcome by minimizing soft-tissue damage. We report on a 27-year-old man who underwent open reduction and internal fixation after multiple attempts at failed closed reduction, complicated by severe soft-tissue swelling, rhabdomyolysis, and delayed peroneal nerve palsy around the ankle.
Triamcinolone acetonide is a synthetic glucocorticoid used to treat numerous acute and chronic inflammatory conditions. The various side effects of this drug from parenteral administration are well documented in the literature. In this study, three patients present with a rare side effect of violaceous dermal pigmentation. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this finding is rarely presented in the current literature. The purpose of this study is to provide awareness of a less-documented, delayed side effect from triamcinolone acetonide administration. Although all patients presenting in this study had a known history of autoimmune disease (eg, lupus, psoriatic arthritis) further research is needed to suggest a possible association between dermal violaceous change and the use of triamcinolone.
The few reports available on the vacuum phenomenon in the ankle joint refer to osteoarthritic and traumatic lesions. We present the first case concomitant with an osteochondral lesion of the talus. This case report presents computed tomographic images of the ankle. We speculate that the osteochondral lesion of the talus was the most likely cause of the vacuum phenomenon.
Subungual schwannoma is quite rare and often causes nail deformity and difficulty in wearing shoes. Complete tumor excision is the treatment of choice, and we advocate that restoring the nail appearance should be considered at the same time. We present the case of 43-year-old man with a big toe subungual schwannoma. We designed a zigzag incision method to excise the tumor and also corrected nail-bed deformity. The patient had a smooth recovery, and the nail plate regrew with a good appearance.
We present the ultrasonographic morphology of an actinomycetoma of the foot at 18 and 70 MHz (high-frequency and ultrahigh-frequency ultrasound, respectively), and describe an ultrasonographic sign that may help to discriminate between eumycetoma and actinomycetoma called the “bright hyperechoic halo.” To date, this is the first report on the morphology of mycetoma at 70 MHz with a clinical, ultrasonographic, and histologic correlation of the images, which provides ultrasound images that are very similar to the lower magnification of histology.
Tenosynovial giant cell tumor, also known as giant cell tumor of the tendon sheath (GCT-TS), is a solitary, nodular, firm, benign, soft-tissue tumor that arises from the synovial lining of a tendon. The etiology is unknown. It is a rare soft-tissue tumor, with an overall incidence of one in 50,000 individuals, and usually affects people aged between 30 and 50 years. Magnetic resonance imaging tends to be the imaging modality of choice, used for surgical preparation. Widely accepted treatment involves local excision with or without radiotherapy. The author presents a case study involving a patient with an abnormally large, longstanding GCT-TS, diagnosed with clinical examination and imaging modalities, surgically excised, and further confirmed by pathology reports. Topic of discussion includes a review of GCT-TS.