Background: Despite prevention efforts, suicide rates continue to rise, prompting the need for novel evidence-based approaches to suicide prevention. Patients presenting with foot and ankle disorders in a podiatric medical and surgical practice may represent a population at risk for suicide, given risk factors of chronic pain and debilitating injury. Screening has the potential to identify people at risk that may otherwise go unrecognized. This quality improvement project aimed to determine the feasibility of implementing suicide risk screening in an outpatient podiatry clinic and ambulatory surgical center.
Methods: A suicide risk screening quality improvement project was implemented in an outpatient podiatry clinic and ambulatory surgical center in collaboration with a National Institute of Mental Health suicide prevention research team. Following training for all staff, patients aged 18 years and older were screened for suicide risk with the Ask Suicide-Screening Questions as standard of care. Clinic staff were surveyed about their opinions of screening.
Results: Ninety-four percent of patients (442 of 470) agreed to be screened for suicide risk and nine patients (nine of 442 [2%]) were screened as nonacute positive; zero patients were screened as acute risk. The majority of clinic staff reported that they found screening acceptable, felt comfortable working with patients who have suicidal thoughts, and thought screening for suicide risk was clinically useful.
Conclusions: Suicide risk screening was successfully implemented in an outpatient podiatry clinic. Screening with the Ask Suicide-Screening Questions instrument provided valuable information that would not have been ascertained otherwise, positively impacting clinical decision-making and leading to improved overall care for podiatry patients.
Background: Metatarsalgia is a common affliction in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), often requiring aggressive pharmacologic treatment that carries associated adverse effects. The aim of this study was to investigate whether simple insoles would have a beneficial effect on forefoot pain, disability, and functional limitation in participants with RA experiencing forefoot pain.
Method: A prospective, quasi-experimental, pretest-posttest trial was performed at a rheumatology outpatient clinic. Participants were supplied with a simple insole comprising a valgus pad and a plantar metatarsal pad and covered with a cushioning material. The Foot Function Index (FFI) was self-administered before and 3 months after insole use.
Results: Reductions in forefoot pain (from 56.78 to 42.97) and total (from 41.64 to 33.54) FFI scores were noted. Statistical significance for this reduction was achieved following the t test (P = .002 and P = .0085, respectively). However, although reductions in mean disability and activity limitation scores were recorded (from 50 to 44.85 and from 18 to 14.57, respectively), these did not reach significance (P = .151 and P = .092, respectively)
Conclusions: Simple insoles have been shown to be effective in reducing total and forefoot pain FFI scores in patients with RA experiencing metatarsalgia. This treatment offers advantages because these devices can be fabricated simply and cheaply, thus initiating the patient on an effective orthosis therapy immediately in the clinic without having to wait for prolonged periods until custom orthotic devices can be supplied.
Background: Foot burns involve a specialized area of function, and although they involve a small total body surface area (3.5%), they can cause a significant degree of morbidity.
Methods: This study included 104 patients with burn trauma of the foot treated at the burn department of Republican Scientific Centre of Urgent Medical Aid and Inter-Regional Burn Center, Samarkand, Uzbekistan. A study of support-motor function of the foot after a burn by means of simultaneous registration of mechanograms of ankle join mobility in various terms made it possible to reveal considerable walking disturbances manifested in short-term support ability of various foot parts compared with normal.
Results: Deviations in podagrams were clearly marked during the first weeks after elimination of burn wounds, especially the duration of support ability of the plantar surface in those who experienced burns.
Conclusions: The study in separate terms after elimination of burn injury showed that the function of feet begins to regenerate in 3 to 4 months in deep foot burns.
An osteochondroma or exostosis is the most common benign bone tumor, and it is commonly localized in the metaphyses of the long tubular bones. Lesions are rarely localized around the ankle. We present a case series with osteochondroma around the ankle. All of the patients presented with a mass around the ankle. In these three cases, the masses were symptomatic, and in one patient it caused a deformity. Osteochondroma was suspected after physical examination and radiologic evaluation. After preoperative work-up, diagnosis, and exhaustion of conservative care, a plan for surgical excision was presented to each patient. Histopathologic evaluations confirmed the diagnosis of osteochondroma. The patients have been discharged without any complications or symptoms during clinical follow-up.
Osteoid osteoma is a primary benign bone tumor that consists of a central area (nidus), surrounded by sclerotic bone. The most relevant symptom is pain that increases during the night and improves after salicylates or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug administration. Osteoid osteoma is frequently misdiagnosed because it mimics juvenile idiopathic arthritis, bone infection, or malignancy. A 14-year-old girl presented to our department with a history of chronic pain in her left ankle. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis was diagnosed and anti-inflammatory treatment was prescribed. Because of persistence of ankle pain, the patient underwent further examinations, in particular, bone scintigraphy and computed tomography. As a result, osteoid osteoma of the talar neck was diagnosed. The patient underwent surgical treatment and her condition improved. Osteoid osteoma should also be considered in patients with chronic ankle pain to avoid misdiagnosis and start adequate treatment. This condition should be suspected in a patient with chronic bone pain and normal complete blood count and inflammatory parameters.
The pediatric flatfoot has long occupied a place in the medical literature, with concerns about the significance of its appearance. At the end of the first decade of the 21st century, an article in this journal provoked active debate about the pediatric flatfoot as part of development, and proposed a considered titration of presenting cases in an effort to justify treatment and appreciated the range and expected change in normal foot posture with growth. A decade later, the availability of normative pediatric foot posture data, and the prospective findings to confirm lessening flat feet with age, encourage a structured and considered approach to this frequent primary care presentation. The pragmatic concept of the “boomerang” is built on the research identifying pediatric flat feet likely to be symptomatic, thus requiring intervention, and filtering from those likely to remain asymptomatic. Differential diagnoses are advisedly considered, and gait remains the hallmark outcome. In this contemporary guide, an eight-step strategy has been developed to improve the approach to community pediatric flatfoot concerns. Furthermore, the three boomerang flat feet factors delineating symptomatic from asymptomatic flat feet, and applicable cutoff levels, are availed for practical reference and use. Given the recognized state of overdiagnosis and resulting unnecessary treatment that pervades the 21st century, it is timely for clear 20/20 vision for the presentation of pediatric flatfoot.
Background: Many authors have highlighted the role of muscle strength imbalance around the ankle in the development of recurrent clubfoot following Ponseti treatment. However, this possible underlying mechanism behind recurrence has not been investigated sufficiently to date. This study aimed to explore whether there is a relationship between Achilles tendon elongation and recurrent metatarsus adductus deformity in children with unilateral clubfeet treated by the Ponseti method.
Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed on 20 children (14 boys and six girls; mean age, 7 years; age range, 5–9 years) with a recurrent metatarsus adductus deformity treated by the Ponseti method for unilateral idiopathic clubfoot. At the final follow-up, isometric muscle strength was measured using a portable, hand-held dynamometer in reciprocal muscle groups of the ankle. The length of the tendons around the ankle was measured ultrasonographically.
Results: The plantarflexion-to-dorsiflexion ratio was lower on the involved side (P = .001). No significant differences in the strength ratio of inversion to eversion were found (P = .4). No difference was observed in lengths of tibialis anterior and posterior tendons (P = .1), but the Achilles tendon was longer on the involved side (P = .001; P < .01). A significant negative correlation was discovered between involved-to-uninvolved Achilles tendon length ratios and involved-to-uninvolved plantarflexion strength ratios (r = –0.524; P = .02)
Conclusions: Achilles tendon elongation may be a contributor to the muscle imbalance in clubfeet with relapsed forefoot adduction treated by the Ponseti technique.
Fracture of an ossified Achilles tendon is a rare clinical entity. Reossification after removal of the bony fragment was reported in only one case previously. In this study, we present a 49-year-old man with a reossified Achilles tendon after the removal of a fractured and ossified Achilles tendon. Treatment of an ossified or fractured Achilles tendon should be selected on a patient-by-patient basis. Surgical treatment can be used when conservative treatment has failed. The possibility of reossification after surgical treatment, especially in patients with risk factors, should be kept in mind, and the patient should be informed about this possibility.
Background: There is a paucity of literature regarding rock climbing footwear. Rock climbers anecdotally voice numerous complaints regarding their current footwear. In an effort to improve existing rock-climbing footwear, implementation of a survey tool assessing the attitudes and practices of rock climbers was undertaken.
Methods: A Web-based survey was developed to assess the demographics, attitudes, and practices of individuals active in rock climbing, with a focus on footwear.
Results: Forty-five of the 417 respondents were male and 55% were female. The average years climbing was 7, with a majority of respondents in the 18- to 34-year-old category. The majority climbed 5 to 10 hours/week. Eighty percent identified as intermediate or advanced climbers. Climbing shoes were an average of 0.83 size smaller than the climber’s street shoes. The more elite the climber, the greater the mismatch. Overall satisfaction with current rock-climbing shoes was 88%; however, as the age of climber and number of years of participation increased, the level of satisfaction decreased. The most frequently reported problems with shoes included inconsistent sizing between brands and poor heel fit. The most commonly reported locations of pain were the toes and heel.
Conclusions: The authors concluded the following: 1) a surprisingly high satisfaction with current rock-climbing shoes was reported; 2) the difference in size between climbing shoes and street shoes was less than expected; 3) more shoe fitting problems were experienced by those with the most experience in climbing and those who spend the most time climbing; 4) the most common locations for experiencing pain were the toes and the posterior heel or Achilles tendon; 5) higher than expected satisfaction levels with climbing shoes contrasted with the very high number of specific complaints and recommendations for improvement; and 6) because of the increasing popularity of rock climbing, foot care providers should learn about the various types of climbing and the shoe gear needs that result therefrom.