Nutrition is a fundamental intervention in the early and ongoing treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease. Nutrition therapy, in coordination with other medical interventions, can extend and improve the quality and quantity of life in individuals infected with HIV and living with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). The author reviews the current literature and practice for nutrition use in the treatment of patients with HIV and AIDS.
Commercial disinfectants classified as fungicides may not be effective against commonly encountered fungi within reasonable periods. Cell suspensions of clinical fungal isolates were exposed to use-dilutions of various disinfectants. Quaternary ammonium compounds, iodophors, and phenolics were not fungicidal against all test fungi within 60 min of exposure. Trichophyton mentagrophytes, Epidermophyton floccosum, and Aspergillus fumigatus were among the more resistant fungi. Disinfectants that possess low-level activity should not be used for disinfection of medical instruments that come in contact with the patient. The only reliable and safe measure is to use high-level disinfectants such as the glutaraldehydes, which are fungicidal in 15 to 30 min.
A study was performed at the Foot Clinics of New York during the months of September 1988 through December 1988, in which 54 Kirschner wires from 40 surgical patients were cultured immediately upon removal to investigate if microorganisms were present. The results and potential implications are presented.