The authors describe a new approach to Austin bunionectomy fixation using the 3M Staplizer. Twenty cases are examined retrospectively for various postoperative results. The Staplizer technique is compared and contrasted to other modes of fixation that are described in the literature. The authors suggest that internal fixation with the Staplizer provides decreased risk of infection, early ambulation, high patient acceptance, and fewer complications. A detailed description of the technique used to insert the staples is presented, and mechanical analysis of the osteotomy and optimal staple position are discussed.
A prospective clinical trial was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of a collagen-alginate wound dressing in the postoperative management of chemical matricectomies. The study involved 20 patients and 23 separate procedures. The collagen-alginate-dressing treatment group had an average healing time of 24.4 days, compared with 35.8 days for the control group, which received treatment consisting of soaks and daily dressing changes (P < .05). The authors suggest that using a collagen-alginate wound dressing in the postoperative management of chemical matricectomies will shorten healing time, thus reducing infection rates and increasing patient compliance and satisfaction.
Heel pain in children is common, and its evaluation is challenging. Medical history and physical examination may be unrevealing owing to children's limited communication skills. Often, advanced laboratory and imaging studies are required to make an accurate diagnosis. The most common causes of heel pain in children are apophysitis, enthesopathy, and overuse syndromes such as tendinitis. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is relatively uncommon. In very active children, occult fractures must also be evaluated. Pain unrelated to activity may indicate tumors, infection, or congenital problems. In general, heel pain in children is treated nonoperatively. For fractures in particular, children are less likely than adults to receive surgical treatment.
An unusual presentation of calcaneal osteomyelitis is described, where-by the infection remained undiagnosed for 25 years. The 36-year-old patient recently sought medical treatment for a reported ankle sprain, but the pain was recalcitrant to conservative care. Further investigation yielded a history significant for stepping on a chicken bone as a child, which entered the inferior lateral heel. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed what plain radiographs did not: a well demarcated lytic lesion in the body of the calcaneus. Intraoperative findings were consistent with an abscess of chronic osteomyelitis. The treatment included incision and drainage, antibiotic beads, and a tricortical bone graft.
Through a discussion of the etiology and pathology of diabetic foot lesions with particular emphasis on ulceration and osteoarthropathy, the author will develop a plan for treatment and prevention using a multidisciplinary approach to such problems. Underlying risk factors including neuropathy, ischemia, infection, and, especially high pressures must be evaluated and appropriately ameliorated in order to promote resolution and avoidance of recidivism. Accordingly, conservative management with pressure-relieving devices, topical therapies, and prophylactic surgery on structural deformities plays an integral part in the overall podiatric management of the high-risk foot in diabetes mellitus.
Acute projectile injuries to the foot can present a challenge for the podiatric physician, especially in terms of their chronic effects. The case of a shrapnel wound to the right foot and ankle that resulted in recurrent episodes of soft tissue infection and disability is presented. Treatment consisted of excision of the shrapnel fragment, debridement, and primary closure of the sinus tract created by the projectile. The authors discuss the acute and chronic effects of projectile injuries, factors responsible for determining the severity of these wounds, and various methods of treatment.
The authors address current issues regarding use of antiseptics and disinfectants with particular emphasis on the problems associated with claims made by manufacturers of various chemical agents. Other issues include the efficacy and limitations of commercial products, selecting the most appropriate formulation for proper disinfection, especially with instruments that come in contact with the patient, and preventing or minimizing iatrogenic infections in clinical practices. The authors stress that low-level and some intermediate-level disinfectants are unreliable because of their narrow safety margin and that chemical agents with a high level of activity should be used by all practitioners because of multi-drug resistant microorganisms and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Background: The objective of this investigation was to evaluate adverse short-term outcomes following partial forefoot amputation with a specific comparison performed based on subject height.
Methods: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was analyzed to select those subjects with a 28805 CPT code (amputation, foot; transmetatarsal) that underwent the procedure with “all layers of incision (deep and superficial) fully closed.” This resulted in 11 subjects with a height ≤60 inches, 202 subjects with a height >60 inches and <72 inches, and 55 subjects ≥72 inches.
Results: Results of the primary outcome measures found no significant differences between groups with respect to the development of a superficial surgical site infection (0.0% vs. 6.4% vs. 5.5%; p=0.669), deep incisional infection (9.1% vs. 3.5% vs. 10.9%; p=0.076), or wound disruption (0.0% vs. 5.4% vs. 5.5%; p=0.730). Additionally, no significant differences were observed between groups with respect to unplanned reoperations (9.1% vs. 16.8% vs. 12.7%; p=0.0630) or unplanned hospital readmissions (45.5% vs. 23.3% vs. 20.0%; p=0.190).
Conclusions: The results of this investigation demonstrate no difference in short-term adverse outcomes following the performance of partial forefoot amputation with primary closure based on subject height. Although height has previously been described as a potential risk factor in the development of lower extremity pathogenesis, this finding was not observed in this study from a large US database.
Osteoid osteoma is a primary benign bone tumor that consists of a central area (nidus), surrounded by sclerotic bone. The most relevant symptom is pain that increases during the night and improves after salicylates or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug administration. Osteoid osteoma is frequently misdiagnosed because it mimics juvenile idiopathic arthritis, bone infection, or malignancy. A 14-year-old girl presented to our department with a history of chronic pain in her left ankle. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis was diagnosed and anti-inflammatory treatment was prescribed. Because of persistence of ankle pain, the patient underwent further examinations, in particular, bone scintigraphy and computed tomography. As a result, osteoid osteoma of the talar neck was diagnosed. The patient underwent surgical treatment and her condition improved. Osteoid osteoma should also be considered in patients with chronic ankle pain to avoid misdiagnosis and start adequate treatment. This condition should be suspected in a patient with chronic bone pain and normal complete blood count and inflammatory parameters.
Osteopetrosis congenita is invariably a fatal disease that is diagnosed within the first decade of the child's life. Although some steps have been taken to overcome this disease by bone marrow transplantation, further research is needed to determine the long-term effectiveness of this treatment. Osteopetrosis tarda is often detected as an incidental finding. Many cases are asymptomatic, yet many patients do suffer from general bone pain, infections, and repeated incidents of pathologic fractures. Such cases may present within the bones of the foot. Treatment is directed at addressing the pathology that may have resulted from the disease state. Osteopetrosis tarda, although rare, can affect the foot. Steps toward treatment of the primary disease entity are still being taken; however, recognition and treatment of the pathology is the primary goal in the adequate treatment of these patients.