Polyarteritis nodosa is a progressive, often life-threatening, vasculitis affecting multiple organs, including the skin and peripheral nerves. We report a patient presenting with systemic features of the disease and with characteristic lesions in the feet 3 weeks after vaccination against hepatitis B virus infection.
Epidermal inclusion cysts are soft-tissue lesions that result from traumatic implantation of epidermal cells into the dermis. A case report is presented involving a large recurrent plantar inclusion cyst secondary to trauma sustained in the Vietnam War. The patient reported that the initiating trauma was the result of stepping on a punji stake in Vietnam. Punji stakes, sharpened spikes typically made of bamboo and dipped in poison or excrement, were used by the Vietnamese soldiers to wound enemy soldiers. Careful excision of the lesion is imperative to prevent recurrence. (J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 96(5): 445–447, 2006)
Systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disorder that affects several organs and systems in the human body. Digital gangrene is known to be a rare and severe complication of systemic lupus erythematosus that could lead to amputation. We report a case of an adolescent who presented with an autoimmune disorder and multiple comorbidities and developed gangrenous toes.
Emergency department visits for lower extremity complications of diabetes are extremely common throughout the world. Surprisingly, recent data suggest that such visits generate an 81.2% hospital admission rate with an annual bill of at least $1.2 billion in the United States alone. The likelihood of amputation and other subsequent adverse outcomes is strongly associated with three factors: 1) wound severity (degree of tissue loss), 2) ischemia, and 3) foot infection. Using these factors, this article outlines the basic principles needed to create an evidence-based, rapid foot assessment for diabetic foot ulcers presenting to the emergency department, and suggests the establishment of a “hot foot line” for an organized, expeditious response from limb salvage team members. We present a nearly immediate assessment and referral system for patients with atraumatic tissue loss below the knee that has the potential to vastly expedite lower extremity triage in the emergency room setting through greater collaboration and organization.
A 13-year-old girl presented to the emergency department in stable condition with a retained penetrating knife wound injury in her right foot. Routine radiographs taken of the foot revealed deep tissue penetration by the knife without frank bony involvement. It was decided to remove the object in the operating room. Simple removal was performed, followed by wound exploration. The patient was admitted to the hospital for one night of observation and then was discharged without further complications.
We present a case of a pediatric patient with a history of spina bifida who presented to the emergency department of a large Army medical treatment facility with a partially amputated right fifth digit she sustained while sleeping with the family canine. There are several reports in the popular press that suggest that an animal, particularly a dog, can detect human infection, and it is hypothesized that the toe chewing was triggered by a wound infection. This case provides an opportunity to provide further education in caring for foot wounds in patients with spina bifida.
Although lipomas are the most common benign soft-tissue tumors found in the body, they are not commonly found in the foot. This case study concerns an unusually large lipoma on the plantar lateral aspect of the foot that was successfully excised without any sign of recurrence. (J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 93(5): 402-405, 2003)
Myxoinflammatory fibroblastic sarcoma of the soft tissues is a rare low-grade tumor of uncertain origin that most often occurs on the extremities of adults. The tumor predominantly involves the subcutaneous tissues of the hands and feet. Despite being a rare neoplasm, owing to its varied histologic appearance, myxoinflammatory fibroblastic sarcoma should be differentiated from various benign and malignant soft-tissue lesions. Myxoinflammatory fibroblastic sarcoma has been well described in pathology journals but not in the surgical literature. We report a case of myxoinflammatory fibroblastic sarcoma in a 19-year-old man with a plantar ulcer lesion in his left foot. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case in the literature involving the epidermis. (J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 100(6): 497–501, 2010)
A 68-year-old man with a slow-growing lesion in the distal medial band of the plantar fascia of the left foot is presented. Clinical photographs, ultrasound and magnetic resonance images, histologic results, and immunochemical staining are disclosed. This case study presentation aims to highlight the importance of including angioleiomyoma in the differential diagnosis of plantar foot soft-tissue masses.