Systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disorder that affects several organs and systems in the human body. Digital gangrene is known to be a rare and severe complication of systemic lupus erythematosus that could lead to amputation. We report a case of an adolescent who presented with an autoimmune disorder and multiple comorbidities and developed gangrenous toes.
Talar extrusion in a 13-year-old child was treated by means of open reduction and 10 weeks of cast immobilization. At 1.5 years of follow-up, the patient had full range of motion in the ankle and no signs of avascular necrosis or arthritis. (J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 99(5): 431–434, 2009)
Ingrown toenail, or onychocryptosis, is a common inflammatory disease of the hallux. It results from the alteration of fit of the nail plate in the lateral nail fold. Ingrown toenails are usually seen in adolescents and young adults and can affect daily activities and social life. Generally, ingrown toenails are classified into three stages, including the inflammatory stage, the abscess stage, and the granulation stage. In this article, we present the rare case of a man with a diagnosis of paronychia with sporangium formation causing an ingrown toenail.
Limb salvage for Charcot's neuroarthropathy has been shown to have high complication and failure rates. The aim of our report of two cases it to present a unique complication encountered with staged limb salvage for Charcot's neuroarthropathy. In two cases, patients developed delayed tibial shaft fracture associated with previous wire placement despite insertion of locked intramedullary nail fixation that spanned the delayed fracture. Both patients experienced fractures following advancement of weight after definitive fixation. In both patients, there was noted complication with the sites of the pins and revision of external fixation before fracture. In each case, the fracture was within the construct of the intramedullary fixation and successfully treated with an extended course of nonweightbearing. Complications of external fixation and intramedullary fixation are well reported within the literature; however, tibia fracture is rare. Based on these cases, it would seem prudent to recognize the risk of delayed pin-site complications and ensure adequate length of intramedullary fixation to span the potential areas of stress.
Osteomyelitis of the distal tibia with involvement of the distal physis can lead to various deformities around the ankle and foot. Calcaneus deformity of the foot is usually secondary to paralytic disorders. A 14-year-old boy presented with calcaneus deformity as a result of osteomyelitis of the distal tibia. Involvement of the distal tibial epiphysis as a result of osteomyelitis of the distal tibia can lead to calcaneus deformity. This deformity has not been reported in the literature. Osteomyelitis of the distal tibia should also be included as a differential diagnosis of calcaneus deformity.
Mycetoma cases are predominantly found in tropical regions and are a rare finding in the United States. These masses that are fungal or bacterial in origin can result in significant destruction of soft tissue and bone. We present a case of a patient who emigrated from Mexico to Indianapolis. He presented with a soft-tissue mass that was excised and ultimately found to be a eumycetoma of the hallux of his left foot. Successful treatment included surgical resection in combination with postoperative terbinafine, which was pulse dosed to decrease its impact on hepatic function.
The talonavicular joint is a rare site of dislocation. Its etiology varies and can be the result of either acute trauma or a chronic degenerative process that most commonly occurs in patients with rheumatoid arthritis or Charcot arthropathy. Our aim is to highlight the relationship between the underlying pathology of talonavicular dislocations and the final outcome in the case of operative management.
We present three cases of talonavicular dislocation with the dislocation itself as the only common denominator, and a completely different etiology, natural history, treatment, and prognosis among them.
There was one case of a traumatic talocalcaneonavicular dislocation in a healthy individual, one case in a rheumatoid arthritis patient, and one case in a patient with diabetes mellitus. All patients were treated surgically. The outcomes were excellent, fair, and poor, respectively.
Among many factors that influence prognosis, it is equally critical to evaluate the overall background in which the dislocation occurs so as to apply the suitable treatment. The surgeon not only needs to treat the local incident but also appreciate the general medical condition to provide the best final outcome to the patient.
Following partial bone resection for osteomyelitis, continued osteomyelitis in the remaining bone is common and problematic. Shortcomings in available surgical techniques to combat this also contribute to this problem. Presented are two case studies using a solution to this problem with a different type of bone void filler as a carrier vehicle for delivering antibiotics into the remaining infected bone to eradicate any residual bacteria in the remaining bone.
The number of people with diabetes is expected to reach 592 million in the year 2035. Diabetic foot lesions are responsible for more hospitalizations than any other complication of diabetes. The aims of this study were to examine for the first time a new biocompatible and biodegradable tridimensional collagen-based matrix, GBT013, in humans for diabetic foot ulcer wound healing and to evaluate its ease of use to better define a protocol for a future clinical trial. Seven adult patients with a diabetic foot ulcer of grade 1A to 3D (University of Texas Diabetic Wound Classification) were treated using GBT013, a new collagen-based advance dressing and were monitored in two specialized foot care units for a maximum of 9 weeks. Five of seven wounds achieved complete healing in 4 to 7 weeks. Nonhealed ulcers showed a significant reduction of the wound surface (>44%). GBT013 was well tolerated and displayed positive wound healing outcomes as a new treatment strategy of chronic foot ulcers in diabetic patients.
Glomus tumors are rare and benign vascular soft-tissue masses commonly found subungually in the foot. A glomus tumor typically manifests with a classic triad of pain, point tenderness, and cold sensitivity. This case report describes an atypical presentation of a glomus tumor in the soft tissue of the rearfoot in a 77-year-old man in the setting of urosepsis. The mass had enlarged progressively for 6 months. Originally misdiagnosed as a hemangioma based on magnetic resonance imaging and clinical appearance, an excisional biopsy was performed. The lesion was subsequently diagnosed histopathologically as a glomus tumor. This article discusses the statistics of glomus tumor and discusses the importance of the need to recognize the symptoms and clinical findings of both typical and atypical presentation of this abnormality in differentiation and differential treatment and risk management of benign and malignant soft-tissue masses.