In many medical schools, microscopes are being replaced as teaching tools by computers with software that emulates the use of a light microscope. This article chronicles the adoption of “virtual microscopes” by a podiatric medical school and presents the results of educational research on the effectiveness of this adoption in a histology course. If the trend toward virtual microscopy in education continues, many 21st-century physicians will not be trained to operate a light microscope. The replacement of old technologies by new is discussed. The fundamental question is whether all podiatric physicians should be trained in the use of a particular tool or only those who are likely to use it in their own practice. (J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 96(6): 518–524, 2006)
This article presents a selection of Internet resources covering most of the subject areas found in standard medical education curricula. Basic-sciences sites are emphasized, but clinical resources are also included. Sites were evaluated on the basis of their potential to enhance the learning process, provide practice questions or study guides for examinations, or aid in the preparation of papers. Podiatric medical students, residents, and practitioners who require a quick reference guide to sources covering the basic-science foundations of podiatric medicine or the clinical side of general medicine may find this article useful. (J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 95(2): 211–215, 2005)
In this article, we present a selection of Internet resources covering subject areas found in standard medical education curricula. Basic sciences and clinical resource sites are explored. We also review Web sites that offer useful materials that can be downloaded to handheld devices such as palmtop computers, smartphones, and portable media players. We judged the sites based on their potential to enhance the learning process, provide practice questions or study guides for examinations, or aid in the preparation of manuscripts. Medical students, residents, educators, and practitioners of podiatric medicine and surgery who require a quick reference source to either the basic science foundations of podiatric medicine or the clinical side of basic medicine, may find this paper useful. (J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 97(6): 486–492, 2007)
An updated selection of high-quality Internet resources of potential use to the podiatric medical practitioner, educator, resident, and student is presented. Internet search tools and general Internet reference sources are briefly covered, including methods of locating material residing on the “invisible” Web. General medical and podiatric medical resources are emphasized. These Web sites were judged on the basis of their potential to enhance the practice of podiatric medicine in addition to their contribution to education. Podiatric medical students, educators, residents, and practitioners who require a quick reference guide to the Internet may find this article useful. (J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 96(2): 162–166, 2006)
Doctors of Podiatric Medicine—On a Pathway to Becoming Fully Licensed Physicians and Surgeons?
An Evidence-Based Analysis
Since the 1970s, the profession of podiatric medicine has undergone major changes in the dimensions of its practice as well as its education and training. Herein, I describe how podiatric medicine has evolved to become a profession of independent practitioners who now provide patients with comprehensive medical and surgical care affecting the foot and ankle in community practice, academic health centers, and hospital operating rooms. Preparation for the profession virtually mirrors the education and training of the MD and DO, including a 4-year postbaccalaureate curriculum with a preclinical curriculum that matches that of Liaison Committee on Medical Education–accredited medical schools and most of the clinical curriculum of undergraduate medical education. Completion of the degree of doctor of podiatric medicine prepares graduates to enter hospital-based graduate medical education programs, now 3 years in duration. A description is provided of the current podiatric medical practitioner now prepared at a level that is virtually equal to that of medical and surgical specialists who hold an unrestricted medical license.
Precise comprehensive imaging of arterial circulation is the cornerstone of successful revascularization of the ischemic extremity in patients with diabetes mellitus. Arterial imaging is challenging in these patients because the disease is often multisegmental, with a predilection for the distal tibial and peroneal arteries. Occlusive lesions and the arterial wall itself are often calcified, and patients with ischemic complications frequently have underlying renal insufficiency. Intra-arterial digital subtraction angiography, contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography, and, more recently, computed tomographic angiography have been used as imaging modalities in lower-extremity ischemia. Each modality has specific advantages and shortcomings in this patient population, which are summarized and contrasted in this review. (J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 100(5): 412–423, 2010)