In assessing the foot types and lower limb injuries of elite netball players, the following summary seems warranted. Ninety percent of elite female netball players had symmetrical foot types for both feet and these players had experienced at least one lower limb injury. Only 7.6% players (N = 16) of the 204 players surveyed had never sustained a lower limb injury during their netball careers. Regardless of foot type, the injury history of these elite netball players presented with a total number of 449 injuries that occurred to both ankle joints (36%), one ankle joint (16%), both knee joints (6%), one knee joint (13%), shin soreness (18%), and retropatellar pain problems (11%). On further inspection, 55% of players experienced one to two lower limb injuries throughout their netball careers. Injured players showed that players with the pronating foot types with rearfoot abnormalities (57%) were the most commonly injured and that compensated rearfoot varus foot type presented the most lower limb injuries for all body sites.
The purpose of this study was to ascertain if positioning of the feet for radiographic assessment produces significant variations in measured angles, and if measurements taken from radiographs taken on two separate occasions are reproducible. Weightbearing x-rays were taken of both feet of ten male healthy subjects in two standardized positions: 1) the angle and base of gait and 2) the feet together and straight-ahead positions. The radiographs were repeated 2 weeks later. The results failed to demonstrate significant differences of radiographic measurements between the two specific foot-positioning methods. No significant differences were found between radiographic measurements of normal feet taken on different occasions. A strong correlation of the repeated measures suggests that weightbearing foot radiographs can be reliably reproduced. (J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 91(5): 234-239, 2001)