The peroneal tubercle is an anatomic landmark consistently found on the lateral aspect of the calcaneus. Its enlargement can be either congenital or acquired. In the past, surgical treatment of enlarged tubercles has consisted of simple excision of the tubercle. The authors have presented a technique to preserve the gliding facet that is often found on the inferior surface of the tubercle.
The authors present results of long-term follow-up of seven patients whose degenerative disease of the first metatarsophalangeal joint was treated with irradiated chondral graft implantation arthroplasty. In appropriate candidates, this procedure is a reasonable alternative to Keller arthroplasty alone, arthrodesis, and nonbiologic implant arthroplasty.
Renal cell carcinoma is one of the great mimics in medicine. The diagnosis is complicated by clinical presentations involving a multitude of symptoms, often associated with the sites of metastasis. A high percentage of renal cell carcinomas have metastasized at the time of initial presentation, and symptoms associated with this metastasis may actually initiate the diagnosis. Because the site of tumor origin is frequently unknown, a diagnostic strategy for identifying the primary source has been proposed. The prognosis for renal cell carcinoma with metastasis is poor, with fewer than 9% of patients surviving at 5 years. Consequently, treatment is directed primarily at palliation of painful symptoms and stabilization of bony structures. With these goals in mind, treatment modalities run the gamut from radiotherapy, to curettage with polymethyl methacrylate augmentation, to amputation. In the case reported here, renal cell carcinoma was diagnosed in the course of evaluation of a painful lytic lesion of the foot. Treatment alternatives and associated risks and complications were discussed at some length and the patient chose curettage and packing with polymethyl methacrylate in combination with radiotherapy. This approach was successful in palliation of pain and maintenance of walking ability and independence.
This clinical trial was carried out to verify the validity of the current objective compartment pressure parameters described in the forearm and leg for use in the foot. The authors evaluated the compartment pressures of the central plantar compartment in 25 normal volunteers (94 separate measurements). In addition to determining an average normal foot compartment pressure, two methods of measurement were compared. Results showed no significant difference in normal values through the use of an arterial line monitor technique (5.98 +/- 2.78 mm Hg [SD]) as compared with a Stryker intracompartmental pressure monitor (4.69 +/- 2.62 mm Hg [SD]). It was found that pedal edema caused a statistically significant increase in pressures. The authors propose a standard technique for pedal compartment pressure measurement and discuss diagnosis and management of compartment syndrome in the foot.