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Fusion of the first metatarsophalangeal joint is a time-honored, effective procedure for multiple conditions. Numerous fixation techniques have been described over the years. The authors provide an extensive overview of specific fixation techniques used throughout the past 6 years. Emphasis is placed on the potential advantages and disadvantages of the individual fixation techniques.
Painful lesions on the plantar aspect of the interphalangeal joint of the great toe respond well to surgical excision of the accessory bone found lying superior to or within the flexor hallucis longus tendon. Several incisional approaches are available, each with potential advantages and disadvantages. Failure to consider each incisional approach and address concomitant deformities may result in a less than desirable postoperative result.
The concept of soft tissue attachment and reattachment has been addressed over the years through a variety of surgical techniques. This includes tendons and ligaments that have been detached both surgically and traumatically from their osseous origins or insertions. This study is designed to provide the reader with a comprehensive overview of current commercially available devices. Detailed descriptions of the various devices are provided along with a discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of each. Their application and use in reconstructive foot and ankle surgery are also discussed.
The authors review the ankle and pantalar fusion literature. The authors performed a retrospective review on 42 ankle and pantalar fusions, emphasizing the role of internal fixation. The Podiatry Institute technique for internal fixation of ankle fusions is described and experience with the technique is reviewed. Complications included delayed union and nonunion at the fusion site or the repaired fibular osteotomy site and tibial fractures at screw stress riser sites. Modifications to reduce these complications are discussed. Experience with internal fixation in ankle and pantalar fusions, both in this study and in current literature, has been positive.