Synostoses commonly occur in the midfoot and rearfoot. However, metatarsal synostosis is a less common phenomenon. Several etiologies have been described. The authors present a case of a fourth-fifth intermetatarsal bar, which does not fit into one of the established categories, along with the surgical technique used in its correction.
Aneurysmal bone cysts are a rare entity encountered in podiatric medicine. The frequency of aneurysmal bone cysts distal to the ankle joint is low. The authors present a literature review of the etiologies and possible treatments of an aneurysmal bone cyst. An unusual case of an aneurysmal bone cyst in the cuboid is also presented. Only one other documented case of an aneurysmal bone cyst in the cuboid has been reported since 1967.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a disease that is being reported much more frequently in the literature, primarily because of the rapid increase in severely immunocompromised patients, but also because of the development of multiple drug-resistant tuberculosis strains. Extrapulmonary M. tuberculosis is also reportedly on the rise, and may manifest itself at a number of sites in the body, including the peripheral skeleton. It is important to recognize peripheral tuberculosis osteomyelitis early because early treatment can effectively eliminate long-term morbidity. The authors present a review of the diagnosis and treatment of extrapulmonary M. tuberculosis, with special emphasis on peripheral skeletal tuberculous osteomyelitis. A case study involving peripheral skeletal tuberculous osteomyelitis in the foot is presented.