Our aim in this study was to compare the long-term outcomes of three different surgical procedures for the treatment of hallux rigidus (ie, cheilectomy, decompressive osteotomy, and arthrodesis) between active duty military and non–active duty patients.
A retrospective review of 80 patients (95 feet) undergoing surgical treatment for hallux rigidus was performed. Telephone survey was used to obtain postoperative outcome measures and subjective satisfaction. Additional data recorded and analyzed included age, sex, status of patient (active duty or non–active duty), grade of hallux rigidus, surgical procedure performed, date of surgery, time to return to full activity, ability to return to full duty, and follow-up time postoperatively.
The decompressive osteotomy group had the highest return-to-duty rate, satisfaction rate, and Maryland Foot Scores of all three surgical groups, although these differences were not statistically significant. Active duty and non–active duty patients did not have statistically significant differences in outcomes measures (ie, time to return to full activity, ability to return to full duty, satisfaction, or postoperative Maryland Foot Score) in any of the three surgical groups.
Decompressive osteotomy, cheilectomy, and first metatarsophalangeal joint arthrodesis are all reliable and effective procedures for treatment of hallux rigidus in both active duty military and non–active duty patients. Active duty military personal have a high rate of returning to their prior military activities after surgical treatment of hallux rigidus.
Foreign bodies can be difficult to diagnose and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of unexplained pain, even in the absence of recalled trauma. We present the case of a 22-year-old male with a painful left heel. The patient did not recall a specific traumatic incident, and there were no clinical signs of trauma or infection. Plain films of the foot were nonrevealing, but magnetic resonance imaging revealed a sinus tract and left calcaneal defect. A biopsy of the calcaneal defect revealed viable woody material embedded and partially integrated with the surrounding bone. Postoperatively the patient's pain completely resolved. This case illustrates the importance of radiopathologic pursuit of an etiology of unexplained foot pain in an otherwise healthy person.
Background: Historically, distal fifth metatarsal diaphyseal fractures have been treated with conservative management, with only limited research evaluating surgical treatment of these fractures. This study was performed to compare surgical versus conservative treatment of distal fifth metatarsal diaphyseal fractures in athletes and nonathletes.
Methods: A retrospective review of 53 patients with surgical or conservative treatment of isolated fifth metatarsal diaphyseal fractures was performed. Data recorded included age, sex, tobacco use, diagnosis of diabetes mellitus, time to clinical union, time to radiographic union, athletic versus nonathletic status, time to return to full activity, surgical fixation method, and complications.
Results: Patients treated surgically had a mean clinical union time of 8.2 weeks, radiographic union time of 13.5 weeks, and return to activity time of 12.9 weeks. Patients treated conservatively had a mean clinical union time of 16.3 weeks, radiographic union time of 25.2 weeks, and return to activity time of 20.7 weeks. Delayed unions and nonunions occurred in 27.0% of patients (10 of 37) treated conservatively and in none in the surgical group.
Conclusions: Surgical treatment significantly decreased time to radiographic union, clinical union, and return to activity by an average of 8 weeks compared with conservative treatment. We suggest that surgical treatment of distal fifth metatarsal fractures is a viable option that may significantly decrease the patient’s time to clinical union, radiographic union, and return to activity.
Background: The coronavirus disease of 2019 pandemic impacted all facets of health care in the United States, including the professional training for podiatry residents and students. In March of 2020, the Association of American Medical Colleges recommended pausing then modifying all clinical rotations. The podiatric community followed suit. In-person restrictions, cancellations of clerkships, limited clinical experiences, virtual didactic programs, and reduced surgical cases for students and residency programs occurred for many months during the ongoing pandemic. These adaptations impacted the ability of podiatric students to complete clinical rotations and clerkships, which are pivotal to their academic curriculum and residency program application and selection.
Methods: A survey was conducted by the Council of Teaching Hospitals (COTH) and sent out by the American Association of Colleges of Podiatric Medicine. The 2021 postinterview surveys were sent out to all participants in the 2021 Centralized Application Service for Podiatric Residencies Web application and match cycle, both programs and candidates.
Results: The COTH presents results and comments from the 2021 virtual interview experience and residency match. Data and anecdotal comments from the 2021 postinterview survey conducted by COTH, sent out by American Association of Colleges of Podiatric Medicine, are presented here.
Conclusions: Results from the surveys of program directors and candidates show a preference by both groups for in-person interviews despite the personal time demands and increased costs associated with travel.