Classic Kaposi’s sarcoma is one form of Kaposi’s sarcoma. It is usually first seen in the skin of the lower extremities, where it is frequently misdiagnosed as a bruise. As time progresses, the lesions increase in size, number, and color. Early diagnosis is paramount to decrease metastasis to other organ systems such as the lungs, kidneys, and liver. The podiatric physician must take a detailed history, follow the course of the illness, and be aware that definitive diagnosis is made by a skin biopsy. This article provides a case history of Kaposi’s sarcoma and discusses diagnosis and treatment of this disease. (J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 95(6): 586–588, 2005)
Giant-cell tumor of the tendon sheath (GCT-TS) is an uncommon occurrence for a foot and ankle surgeon. However, there is a need to recognize the symptoms of typical and atypical presentations of this pathology. These benign neoplasms are recognized clinically as a soft-tissue mass that is usually painless and palpable. The foot and ankle account for only 3% to 5% of all GCT-TS in the body, with most being located in the hand. Giant cell tumor in the tendon sheath occurring in the foot and ankle is usually encountered on the lateral ankle and dorsum of the foot, occupying the extensor tendons. Additionally, it is commonly misdiagnosed clinically. This case study illustrates how early use of magnetic resonance imaging decreased patient morbidity with early recognition and excision of GCT-TS.
Injuries involving the first metatarsophalangeal joint and its associated structures are common, especially in athletes. However, injuries to the hallucal sesamoid complex constituted only 3% of all podiatric sports medicine injuries reported by Agosta. This case study reports a female ballet dancer with an isolated fibular sesamoid retraction injury that presented with a history of chronic microtrauma secondary to overuse. When consulting epidemiologic studies of forefoot injuries involving the hallucal sesamoid complex, we were unable to find a single instance of an isolated retraction of the fibular sesamoid resulting from chronic use, demonstrating the unusual nature of this case.