Adenoid cystic carcinoma is a rare, slow-growing neoplasm. It is most commonly located in the salivary glands, affects people older than 55 years of age, and has a predilection for women. These lesions may recur locally but have shown low metastatic potential. We present the unique case of a 71-year-old female with a nonraised hyperpigmented lesion isolated to the right heel. Confusion surrounded the clinical presentation of this dermatologic lesion, and many physicians postulated several differential diagnoses. The purpose of this case report is to bring further awareness to this rare dermatologic variant of adenoid cystic carcinoma, which has been rarely reported in the literature.
Lymphangioma-like Kaposi's sarcoma (LLKS) is a rare histologic variant of KS. Kaposi's sarcoma is also known as human herpesvirus type 8. The clinical presentation of the LLKS lesion is highly unusual and similar to that of classic KS but with multinodular vascular tumors and lymphedema. We present a 63-year-old native Haitian man with multiple slowly progressive exophytic ulcerated lesions covering more than 60% of his left lower extremity with no systemic involvement. Much confusion surrounded the clinical presentation of these wounds, and we postulated several differential diagnoses. Herein we describe the evaluation, clinical appearance, and progression of LLKS. Due to the rarity of LLKS, treating physicians need to be aware of the clinical presentation and diagnostic criteria of this variant. Despite being incurable, early diagnosis of LLKS can lead to long-term treatment options and a major reduction in symptoms.
Squamous cell carcinomas are often seen on the sun-exposed areas of the skin and are rarely observed on the digits of the foot. However, there have been incidences of squamous cell carcinoma developing in the presence of chronic wounds with osteomyelitis, thus complicating the treatment. We present a patient with osteomyelitis who developed invasive squamous cell carcinoma of the third digit. We conclude that wounds with osteomyelitis may have underlying pathologic abnormalities that are not obvious on initial presentation.