Traumatic ankle conditions can lead to long-term sequelae if a pathologic process is misdiagnosed. The clinical presentation of an osteochondral lesion of the talar dome requires the clinician to have a high index of suspicion, and advanced imaging is often necessary to make the final diagnosis. Treatment should be initiated once the lesion is appropriately staged by radiologic or magnetic resonance imaging. We discuss the use of arthroscopy-assisted retrograde drilling of the medial talar dome that spares the articular cartilage within the talotibial articulation. (J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 95(1): 91–96, 2005)
Background: Diabetic neuropathy can be disabling owing to pain and loss of sensibility. Theoretically, surgical restoration of sensation and relief of pain may prevent these complications and improve quality of life. A study was conducted to perform outcome analysis of patients after these surgical procedures using the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey.
Methods: The 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey was used to evaluate patients with diabetic neuropathy after nerve decompression surgery. These results were compared with those reported in the literature related to diabetic patients without neuropathy, patients with low-back pain, and an age-matched normative population. The pilot study group included six patients with diabetic neuropathy, three of whom underwent multiple nerve decompression surgery bilaterally. Mean follow-up was 6 months.
Results: Single-tailed t tests demonstrated that postoperative patients were not statistically significantly different from the other groups in the domains of Physical Functioning, Bodily Pain, General Health, Vitality, Social Functioning, and Mental Health; in the domains of Role-Physical and Role-Emotional, a statistically significant difference was found, with the postoperative patients scoring lower.
Conclusions: Although this study is limited by the lack of preoperative administration of the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey and by its small sample size, we conclude that the survey can evaluate the results of surgical decompression of lower-extremity peripheral nerves and should be added to the traditional assessments of recovery of sensibility and the visual analog scale for pain. (J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 97(2): 121–125, 2007)
This study analyzed the histologic effects of and host response to subdermally injected liquid silicone to augment soft-tissue cushioning of the bony prominences of the foot. A total of 148 postmortem and surgical specimens of pedal skin with attached soft tissue were obtained from 49 patients between July 1, 1974, and November 30, 2002. The longest period that silicone was in vivo was 38 years. The specimens were then processed into paraffin blocks and examined for specific findings. The variables considered included distribution of silicone within the tissue, host response, migration to regional lymph nodes, and viability of the host tissue after treatment. The host response to silicone therapy consisted primarily of delicate-to-robust fibrous deposition and histiocytic phagocytosis, with eventual formation of well-formed elliptic fibrous pads. The response in the foot appears different from that in the breast and other areas of the body previously studied. No examples of granulomas, chronic lymphoplasmacytic inflammation, or granulation tissue formation were seen, with only rare foreign-body giant cells present. Silicone injections in fat pads for the treatment of atrophy and loss of viable tissue show a histologically stable and biologically tolerated host response that is effective, with no evidence of any systemic changes. (J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 94(6): 550–557, 2004)