Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the radiographic
bone morphology of the ankle and the observed fracture type.
Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the patients who had visited our emergency department with ankle injuries between June 2012 and July 2018. All patients were treated with open reduction and internal fixation. Patients were categorized in two groups based on the fracture patterns (groups 1 and 2). Group 1 consisted of isolated lateral malleolar fractures, while group 2 comprised bimalleolar fractures. Group 1 was further divided into two groups; namely group A and B based on their classification into Weber type B and C fractures, respectively. Four radiographic parameters were measured postoperatively by standing whole-leg anteroposterior view of the ankle; talocrural angle (TCA), medial malleolar relative length (MMRL), lateral malleolar relative length (LMRL), and the distance between the talar dome and distal fibula.
Results: One hundred and seventeen patients were included in group 1-A, 89 patients in group 1-B, and 168 patients in group 2. The values of TCA and MMRL were significantly higher in group 2 than in group 1. Lateral malleolar length/medial malleolar length ratio was also significantly different between the two groups. However, there were no significant differences between the groups in terms of LMRL and the distance between the tip of the distal fibula and talar process. LMLR and MMRL values between groups A and B were not significantly different (p=0.402 and p=0.592, respectively). However, there was a significant difference between the two groups in terms of TCA and the distance between the tip of the distal fibula and talar process.
Conclusions: The talocrural angle, medial malleolar relative length, and lateral malleolar length/medial malleolar length were significantly higher in patients with bimalleolar fracture than in patients with isolated lateral malleolar fractures.
Background: The aim of this study is to compare clinical and radiologic outcomes of self-adhesive taping (SAT) or a short- leg cast (SLC) groups with base of fifth metatarsi.
Methods: Functional outcome was assessed by the Visual-Analogue-Scale Foot and Ankle (VAS-FA) at the Emergency and at 2, 4, 6, and 12 weeks. Labour loss, bone union and The American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Score (AOFAS) at 12 weeks were also assessed.
Results: There was no difference between the SAT group and SLC group in VAS-FA scores at time of injury, 6 and 12 weeks. The SAT group had a significantly higher mean VAS-FA score at the second and fourth weeks of follow-up compared with the SLC group (P = .001 and P = .039, respectively). No correlation was observed between the fracture gap and functional scores for both groups. There was no difference in AOFAS between two groups at 12 weeks. Twenty one patients were unable to work for a mean of 38.2 days during the treatment. 10 patients with the SAT missed 37.5 days and eleven patients with the SLC g missed 40.2 (p: 0.41). The bone union was also achieved for all patients within 12 weeks.
Conclusion: Treatment with SAT in these fractures had satisfactory functional results compared with traditional SLC. Although there were no significant differences in labor loss and use of assistive devices, The VAS-FA score was significantly higher in SAT group than the SLC group at the second and fourth weeks of treatment.