Background: Nail thickening is a poor prognostic factor in onychomycosis. Mechanical reduction by micromotor nail grinding is an alternative treatment for onychomycosis. However, this treatment introduces a large amount of infected nail dust particles into the air and can adversely affect other patients and health-care providers. The innovative recirculating airflow safety cabinet (ASC) was developed to prevent the spread of these generated infected nail dust particles. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of the ASC in patients with onychomycosis or traumatic onychodystrophy.
Methods: The ASC was used during the nail-grinding process in 50 patients, including 36 onychomycosis patients and 14 traumatic onychodystrophy patients. For each patient, five Sabouraud dextrose agar plates with chloramphenicol were positioned within the working space of the ASC, and the other five plates were positioned near the area of air exit after the carbon filters within the cabinet. A total of 500 plates were incubated at 25°C and evaluated every 7 days. The results of fungal cultures were analyzed.
Results: In the traumatic onychodystrophy group, all fungal cultures of nail dust particles from both before and after filtration from the ASC were negative in all 14 patients. In the onychomycosis group, 52 fungal cultures (28.9%) from nail particles within the ASC working area tested positive; however, the results of fungal cultures of nail dust particles after filtration were all negative.
Conclusions: The newly developed ASC was found to be effective for preventing the spread of infected nail dust particles generated by micromotor nail grinding to mechanically reduce nail thickness in patients with onychomycosis.
Background: Fungal foot infection is a common superficial fungal infection and is recognized as an important public health problem. Related to the wearing of occlusive footwear, foot infection is usually caused by dermatophytes and nondermatophyte molds. Previous in vitro studies have demonstrated that zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) have antimicrobial activity against fungi. This study, therefore, evaluated the ability of socks coated with ZnO-NPs to inhibit fungal growth in an in vitro model mimicking real-life situations.
Methods: Scale from patients with fungal foot infections was equally divided into three groups: control, plain socks, and ZnO-NP socks. The specimens in the control group were routinely fungal cultured, whereas in the plain sock and ZnO-NP sock groups, scale was incubated with plain socks and ZnO-NP socks, respectively, for 24 hours. After incubation, each piece of sock was cultured. The fungal culture results of the three groups were progressively evaluated for 4 weeks.
Results: From 31 specimens, the positive fungal culture results of the control, plain sock, and ZnO-NP sock groups were 100%, 64.5%, and 54.8%, respectively. Specimens incubated with plain socks (P = .001) or with ZnO-NP socks (P < .001) had a significant reduction in the number of positive fungal cultures compared with the control.
Conclusions: Plain socks and ZnO-NP socks significantly inhibited fungal growth relative to the control. The wearing of either plain socks or ZnO-NP socks can prevent fungal foot infection because these socks act as a barrier to the insoles of shoes.