Background: This study aimed to compare two-point discrimination in feet with ankle sprains and feet without ankle problems, and to determine whether there was a change in the two-point discrimination values in ankle sprains.
Methods: A total of 108 people were included in the study. These subjects were aged between 18 and 40 years and visited the Medical Faculty of Yozgat Bozok University for various reasons in July and September of 2022. These people were divided into two groups: subjects with an ankle sprain and subjects with no ankle problems. Two-point discrimination values measured in mm were recorded for both groups using a caliper (esthesiometer) used in six regions of 216 feet. The two-point discrimination threshold values of the feet were compared statistically according to feet with ankle sprains and feet without ankle problems, as well as in right and left feet.
Results: The study determined that the two-point discrimination threshold values measured at the 1st toe tip, heel, 3rd plantar metatarsal head, medial malleolus, and lateral malleolus in subjects with an ankle sprain was higher than in subjects with no ankle problems. When comparing both feet of the subjects with an ankle sprain, the two-point discrimination threshold value in the heel of the foot with an ankle sprain was higher than in the heel of the foot without ankle problems.
Conclusions: The two-point discrimination threshold value was higher in subjects with an ankle sprain than in subjects with no ankle problems. The data suggest that the two-point discrimination threshold may be higher in people with an ankle sprain. Further studies are needed to better understand the two-point discrimination threshold in ankle sprains.
Corresponding author: Hacı Ali Olçar, Yozgat Bozok University, Yozgat Bozok Medical Faculty, Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Capanoglu district, Celal Köksal street, No 10 zip code 66100 Yozgat Turkey. (E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)